(Last Updated on : 02/12/2010)
There are several types of treatment in Ayurveda. The procedure of treatment varies according to the patient`s mental and physical capability or strength. The kind of disease is the integral factor to choose the types of treatment in Ayurveda.
suggests two types of treatment in Ayurveda. In the first category of treatment, the patient has to undergo either Sheet upchaar (cold treatment) or Ushan upchaar (hot treatment). Triwidh Chikitsa suggests three types of treatment in Ayurvedic form of medicine. The first category of Triwidh Chikitsa includes the procedures of Devvyaprashay chikitsa, Yuktivyaprashaya chikitsa and Satvavajya chikitsa. In the second category of Triwidh Chikitsa
, forms of treatment are Antah- parimarjan, Bahir-parimarjan and Shastra-parimarjan. The third category of Triwidh Chikitsa includes Langhan, Langhan pachan and Doshavesechan (sanshodhan).
suggests four types of treatment in Ayurvedic medicine. The four paths of treatment in Chaturwidh Chikitsa, include Sanshodhan Chikitsa, Snashma, Chikitsa, Ahar Chikitsa and Aachar Chikitsa. Panchwidh Chikitsha suggests five types of treatment in Ayurvedic medicine. The methods of treatment include, Vaman, Virechan, Nasya, Niruh Vasti and Anuvasan vasti.
suggests six types of treatment in the Ayurvedic practice. The six methods of Shadwidh Chikitsha are Langhan chikitsa, Brihan chikitsa, Rukshan chikitsa, Snehan chikitsa, Swedan chikitsa and Stanbhan chikitsa.Saptwidh Chikitsa
refers to the seven types of treatment in Indian Ayurveda. The methods of Saptwidh Chikitsa include Pachan, Deepan, Shudha (hunger), Trisha (thirsty), Vyayam (excercise), Dhupsewan and Vayusewan. Daswidh Chikitsa refers to the ten types of treatment in Indian Ayurveda. The ten methods of treatment within the sphere of Daswidh Chikitsa include Vaman, Virechan, Niruh vasti, Nasya, Pachan, Upwas, Pipasa, Vyayam, Dhupsewan and Vayusewan.
Pizhichil is one of the types of treatment in Ayurveda that requires 2 weeks to be completed. In this kind of treatment, lukewarm herbal oils are applied all over the body by two to four trained therapists and is a unique rhythmic way continued for about 60 to 90 minutes per day for a period of 7 to 21 days. This treatment is very effective in Rheumatic diseases like Arthritis, Paralysis, Paralysis-Agitanus, Hemiphlegia, Sexual Weakness, Nervous Weakness and Nervous disorders and so on. Njavarakizhi is another type of treatment in Ayurveda of 14 days. It is a process by which the whole body or any specific part of the body is made to perspire by the application of certain medical puddings externally in the form of Boluses tied up in muslin bag. Two to four therapists applies this for about 60-90 minutes per day for a period of 14 days. This treatment is for all types of rheumatism, pain in the joints, emaciation of limbs, high blood pressure, cholesterol and certain kinds of skin diseases.
Dhara is the process in Ayurveda, where some Herbal oils, medicated milk and medicated butter milk are poured on the forehead in a special method
for about 45 minutes in a day for a period of 7-21 days. This treatment is particularly for insomnia, vatha predominated diseases, mental tension and certain skin diseases. Vasthi is the method in Ayurvedic treatment that requires herbal oils and herbal extracts. They are applied through the rectum daily for a period 5 to 25 days. This Treatment is for arthritis, paralysis, hemiplegia, numbness, gastric complaints associated with rheumatism and constant constipation.
Sirovasthi is one of the types of treatment in Ayurveda, where certain lukewarm herbal oils are poured into a cap fitted on the head for 15 to 60 minutes per day according to the patient`s conditions for a period of one week. This treatment is highly effective for facial paralysis, dryness of nostrils, mouth and throat, severe headaches, and other vatha originated diseases. Udvarthanam is a typical massage with herbal powder for about 30 to 45 minutes daily for two weeks, and cures Hemiphlegia, paralysis, obesity and certain rheumatic ailments. Nasyam method involves herbal juices and medicated oils. This treatment is highly effective for certain kinds of headaches, paralysis, mental disorders, some types of skin diseases. Snehapanam is one of the types of treatment in Ayurveda, where mediated ghee is given internally in an increased quantity for about 12 days to treat osteoarthritis, psoriasis and Leukaemia.
In Kizhi, herbal leaves and herbal powders are applied to the whole body in boluses with hot medicated oils for 45 minutes for two weeks. This process treats osteoarthritis, arthritis with swelling, spondylitis and sports injuries. Dhanyamla Dhara is another effective type of treatment in Ayurveda for Hemiphlegia, paralysis and rheumatic complaints, where warm herbal liquid is poured all over the body in a rhtthmic way through a special vessel for 45 minutes. Yoni Prakshalanam is a purification process for genital organs and treats gynecological disorders, where herbal oils and decoctions are applied through the vaginal route.
Kativasthi treatment lasts for 45 minutes to 1 hour, where specially prepared warm medicated oil is kept over the lower back with herbal paste boundary; it cures any type of back pain and spinal disorders. Urovasthi is a similar process that treats asthma and other respiratory problems hearth diseases and muscular chest pain. Ksheeradhoomam is one of the popular types of treatment in Ayurveda, used for facial paralysis speech disorders and other nervous disorders of the face. Thalam is the process where special powder mixed with medicated oil is applied on the top of the head for 20 to 45 minutes. This treatment cures ENT problems, insomnia, migraine and others. Lepanam process involves medicated herbal paste that is applied on the affected part to cure inflammatory conditions. The types of treatment in Ayurveda are too vast to be discussed. However, the above-mentioned types of treatment in Ayurveda are the most practised ones in India.