(Last Updated on : 06/01/2015)
dance is glorious heritage of Mayurbhanj district
. The kings of Mayurbhanj like Maharaja Shriram Chandra Bhanjdeo and Pratap Chandra Bhanjdeo composed the famous "War-Dance". Elements of folk, tribal, martial, traditional, classical art have been woven into the Mayurbhanj chhau. The grammar of Mayurbhanj Chhau consists of six Chalis or Topka and thirty six jumping locomotion. These are called from rural house hold activities, behaviour of animals, and birds and war actions. The Mayurbhanj repertoire has the highest number of dance items about 200 in number which is rarely found in any other dance forms of the world. Some of them are lost in oblivion with the passage of time. The solo items are Dandi, Mahadev, Sabar Toka, Nataraj and Jambeb etc. The famous group items are Kirat Arjun, Mayasabari, Tamudia Krishna, Matrupuja, Kelakeluni, Dhajatal, Bainshi Chori, Kailash Leela etc. The presiding deity of Mayurbhanj Chhau is Lord "Bhairab". The visual poetry is the name of Mayurbhanj Chhau that is set in a free, intense, stormy dynamic yet lyrical style.
The Mayurbhanj Chhau has developed physical vigour in the movements of the dance. Masks impose limitations to freedom of physical movements but they add beauty and grace. In Mayurbhanj it is the movement alone on which the dance has been based. In Mayurbhanj style, all the three forms of dance - solo, duet and group are performed. There is little difference in the technical aspect of Mayurbhanj with that of some parts of Purulia. In Mayurbhanj the dance is divided into two regional sections Uttar Sahi and Dakshin Sahi. Among the group dances in Uttar Sahi the following items of the Puranas occur: Tamudia Krisna, Garuda-Vahana, Kailash Leela, Gangavataran, Devayani, Kalanka Bhanjan, Mahisha-Mardini, Ahalya-Uddhar, Anusuya, Meghaduta, Sudar-shan Chakra, Samudra-Manthan, Bhadrarjuna, Nisthur Krisna, Viswamitra.
In Mayurbhanj the items have been composed more in the line of Seraikella. This reveals that Mayurbhanj must have borrowed the dance through Seraikella.