Political Organization of Aryans - Informative & researched article on Political Organization of Aryans
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesHistory of India


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > History of India > Aryans > Political Organization of Aryans
Political Organization of Aryans
Political organization of Aryans was based on patriarchal groups who was endowed with high authority and was responsible for the security of the organization.
 
 Political Organization of AryansThe political organization of Aryans can be traced in some of their legends on the origin of government. The gods and the demons were at war with each other where the gods were losing. Hence they assembled together and elected a king for themselves who would lead them. Upon doing so they won the war. Similar legends resembling the former one gradually fabricated the idea of kingship.

The tribes were formed as patriarchal groups and in the earlier the chief of the tribe was simply the tribal leader. As the requirement for security grew, the most competent defender was elected for the post of the chief. He gradually began to be entitled to the privileges usually associated with those of kingship. The rapid development of monarchies was kept under control but by the formation of two tribal assemblies, the sabha and the samiti could not be checked. The sabha was the council for the tribal elders and hence was more exclusive. The samiti on the other hand was a general assembly of the entire tribe. The tribal groups which did not have any elected monarch these assemblies exercised the functions of the government and authority. Such tribal groups were by no means rare. Political units are liable to be of smaller units particularly when they were kingdoms as the king was largely a tribal chief with special powers.

The Vedic king was primarily a military leader. His display of skills in war and the safeguarding the tribe was essential was essential for upholding his position. He received voluntary gifts in kind but neither did he have the authority to claim any regular tax nor he could have any rights over the land. He had the right to claim a portion of the booty from successful cattle-raids. In the religious field earlier his role was almost negligible as the functions of the priest were quite elaborate but with time there was a change in the position of the king. This change took place chiefly because of the emergence of the idea of divinity in kingship. According to a later legend the gods not only elect a king for leading them to victory but also the king was endowed with certain distinguishing attributes. Special sacrifices were conducted to confer divinity on the king. Such sacrifices were conducted by the priests who acted as intermediaries between men and gods. Gradually the custom of kingship had become hereditary. The status of the sabha and samiti also experienced a significant change. They had the authority to act as checks on the king, but the king was the final authority.

(Last Updated on : 23/06/2011)
More Articles in Aryans  (10)
Recently Updated Articles in History of India
Maski
Maski, Karnataka offers tourists a unique sight of an Ashokan rock edict which was unearthed in 1915 by the Archaeological Department of Hyderabad. Pottery-ware, ornamental beads and others have also been discovered.
Shuddhi Movement
Shuddhi Movement aimed to bring the converted Hindus back to the community, based on the authority of the Vedas.
Literature under Gupta Empire
Literature under Gupta Empire drew their themes from epics and dealt with familiar narratives, some were treated in courtly style and subjected to literary virtuosity of many kinds.
Moderates
Moderates, a branch of the Congress, believed that India needed a balanced representation of their needs before the British Government. Moderates believed in gradual progress with the help of Constitutional means.
Adil Shahi Dynasty of Bijapur
The governor of Bijapur Yusuf Adil Khan founded the Adil Shahi Dynasty of Bijapur. In 1489.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on History of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Political Organization of Aryans - Informative & researched article on Political Organization of Aryans
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.