(Last Updated on : 11/06/2013)
Painters of Bengal portrayed a huge and deep expansion in their art form during the renaissance movement of India. During Indian renaissance
, the painters were provided with an excellent opportunity of studying the various phases of the prowess of the movement. The renaissance movement was vital, and not merely epidemic and transient; it also inspired the new age painters. Painters of Bengal showed independence and power in their work. Their themes varied and was really diverse inspired from the real picture of the society. Nature's inspiration and discoveries emerged as a new genre of painting during the entire period of renaissance movement.
Even the long dominion of British rulers could not develop the art of painting in the country. With the beginning of 20th century new style of paintings emerged in India with the emergence of painters of Bengal. Abanindranath Tagore
was a leading artist of India. With his help and endeavour a new school of painting was established based on Indian tradition. It came to be known as the Bengal School of Painting. Thus, with renaissance in India, a group of young Bengal artists were responsible for producing a new traditional painting style. Inspiration was taken from the paintings of Mughal, Rajput and Ajanta etc. Thus, they created a renaissance under the supervision and guidance of Abanindranath Tagore. With this, seeds of revived Indian traditions developed among the Indian artists.
Durgasunkar Bhattacharya was also a newcomer. As regards individual development, one does not look for great leaps or dramatic changes in the work of the elders of the school. The ratio of variation normally diminishes as the artist approaches his style. Abanindranath Tagore was considered perfect in vision and technique. Further, among the younger artists development in technical area could be noticed. All the paintings of that era were artistically rich with simple subjects. In the year 1907, Havell and Gajendra Nath Thakur established the Indian society of oriental art. It was founded with the main aim of encouraging traditional paintings. An exhibition of paintings of Abanindranath Tagore and Nandalal Bose
, Gajendranath Thakur were exhibited in the year 1908. However, painters of Bengal were charged with giving too much attention to the mythology and religion of India, and little to the natural India under their eyes. The caricatures are one expression of the art movement of Bengal in the total consciousness towards truth. The test of artistic achievement of Bengal painters is joy; and in the work of the Bengal artists one can taste abandonment to love and beauty of the nature.
The renaissance of Indian art especially paintings spread to each and every corner of the country started from Mumbai
, etc. After the renaissance movement in India, impact of western art on Indian paintings was eminent. Like for instance, Impressionism, Post-impressionism, secularism and new experiments such as Neo-primitivism had definite effect on Indian paintings and on the works of painters of Bengal.