Cholas, History of South India - Informative & researched article on Cholas, History of South India
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesHistory of India

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > History of India > History of South India > Cholas
Cholas, History of South India
Colas were a tribe from south India. Colas for a long period time had maintained their supreme power in the south.
 The Chola kingdom stretched along the eastern coast, from the river Penner to the Vellar, and on the west reaching to about the borders of Coorg. According to tradition, the Chola country comprised the land between two streams having the same name, Vellaru, in the north and the south, the sea on the east and Kottaikkarai in the west. The area included the modern districts of Trichinopoly and Tanjore and part of the Pudukkottah State. Its capital was Uraiyur. Kaviri-pattinam or Pugar on the northern bank of the river Kaveri was its great port while Kanchi was one of its chief towns. The Chola country was thus drained by the Kaveri River and comprised the districts of Trichinopoly and Tanjore. The origin of the name Chola is uncertain. The name Chola, however, indicated from the earliest times the people as well as the country subject to the Chola dynasty of rulers.

History states that the Chola kings were alleged to belong to the tribe of Tiraiyar or 'Men of the Sea'. In the Markandeya Purana, Vayu Purana and Matsya Puranas, the Cholas are mentioned along with the Pandyas and Keralas. In Ramayana, Sugriva is described as sending his monkey followers to the countries of the Cholas, Pandyas and Keralas in quest of Sita. The rock edicts of Ashoka has mentioned that the Cholas, Pandyas, Ketalaputras and Satiyaputras as forming ' prachamta' or outlying provinces outside his empire. Cholas, History of South IndiaThey were on friendly terms with him. The Cholas, like the Pandyas, are spoken of in the plural in all the versions of the Asokan edicts, and this has been held to imply that in Asoka's time there were more than one Chola and one Pandya King.

According to the historical account it can be said that the early history of the Chola country is obscure. About the beginning of the Christian era the Chola king was Peru-nar-Killi. His son was Ilanjet-Senni whose son was Karikal, a vigorous ruler, under whom the Colas became the leading power of the south. He had defeated an allied army of the Cheras and Pandyas and had made an expedition to the north. At home he suppressed the turbulent Ayar, Aravalar, Kurumbar and Oliyar. He made his capital at Kaveri-pattinam on the Kaveri and he secured it from flood by raising the banks of the river as well as by making canals. From the Cholas the hegemony of the south passed to the Cheras and later to the Pandyas. The latter were ousted by the Pallavas, who later on became the suzerain power of Southern India.

(Last Updated on : 20/09/2014)
More Articles in History of South India  (188)
Recently Updated Articles in History of India
Indian Culture
Indian Culture seeks a wider harmony reconciling spirit with matter, preserving the truths of material science and its real utility. It simultaneously keeps intact the spirit as the keystone of the arch of the culture.
Kala Pani
Elucidating the brutish life of the Indian freedom fighters, Kala Pani was the land of expatriation for the convicted.
Religious Revolution during 6th Century B.C. in India
The religious revolution of 6th century B.C. gave rise to different religions and religious sects.
Religion and Philosophy in Later Vedic Period
Religion and Philosophy in later Vedic period did see minute growth. However, rituals and traditions were religiously followed.
Birth of Indian National Congress
Birth of Indian National Congress made gave Indians a platform to rise against the British during colonial rule.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum on History of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
Cholas, History of South India - Informative & researched article on Cholas, History of South India
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.