Administration of Osmanabad district is carried out by the District Collector. He exercises the powers conferred upon him by the Hyderabad
Land Revenue Act, 1317 Fasli and under other Acts, and at the same time he is subordinate to the Commissioner and subject to his supervision and control. The Collector plays an important role in the administration of the district. Not only is he the head of the revenue department in the district, but also as far as the needs and exigencies of the district administration are concerned, he is expected to supervise the working of the officers of other departments. There is a post of Special Deputy Collector for Tenancy work and another for dealing with the inam matters. The various functions that the District Collector has to perform pertain to Revenue, Inams, dealing with the statistics of land-revenue collection, public utility, accounts, quasi-judicial functions in revenue matters, local self government, as the district registrar, sanitation and public health, as an ex-officio Deputy Commissioner for Industries and as a District Magistrate.
Collector`s Office at Osmanabad
The Collector`s office at Osmanabad is divided into many branches. The Resident Deputy Collector supervises the work of all the branches except the Treasury, Land Reforms, Inam Abolition and Supply. He is also the Additional District Magistrate. The Deputy Chitnis branch deals with the magisterial and political work, the issue of arms and other licences such as those required for cinema houses, for shops and possession of explosives etc., and police matters connected with the maintenance of law and order. The general branch under the Head Clerk (in the grade of Mamlatdar) deals with municipalities, public works, medical affairs, fairs, telephones, displaced persons and evacuee properties, execution of court decrees, matters relating to the powers delegated to the Collector under the Bombay Village Panchayats Act and the Maharashtra Zilla Parishads and Panchayat Samitis Act and the District Soldiers`, Sailors` and Airmen`s Board.
The Revenue branch under the Revenue Assistant (Chitnis in the Mamlatdar`s grade) deals with matters like land revenue, land grants, watans, cash grants, tagai, establishment, encroachment, recovery of all kinds of Government dues, forest matters, court of wards, land acquisition for public purposes, audit of village accounts (Jamabandi audit), inspection of tahsil and prant offices and public offices. District Registration office is one of the branches and is in the charge of the headquarter Sub-Registrar. Accounts branch and election branch are in charge of the Resident Deputy Collector. All tenancy matters are dealt with in Land Reforms branch under the supervision of the Deputy Collector, Land Reforms, under the direct supervision and guidance of the Collector. In this branch matters relating to the abolition of watans and payment of compensation are dealt with. Endowment branch, which is under the supervision of the Co Endowment Assistant in the grade of Naib-Tahsildar i.e. Mahal-kari, deals with the matters relating to the endowed properties as per the Endowment regulation of ex-Hyderabad Government and Waqf Act 1954, and the Bombay Public Trusts Act, 1954 except Chapter VII. There is a special post of Mamlatdar, Small Savings for the collection of small savings in the district. The Mamlatdar, Sales Tax Recovery deals with the cases pertaining to sales tax recovery. His headquarters are at Latur. In view of the acute position of food grains, Government has created a post of the District Supply Officer in the grade of a Deputy Collector who deals with all the matters relating to procurement and supply of food grains.
Under the Collector are the Deputy Collectors who are either Assistant Collectors (I.A.S.) or Deputy Collectors. There are in all three sub-divisions in the district. Each sub-division is in charge of a Deputy Collector or an Assistant Collector with headquarters at Osmanabad, Latur and Udgir. In addition to the above three Deputy Collectors, there is one Resident Deputy Collector. Besides, there are Deputy Collector, Land Reforms, Deputy Collector, Inam Abolition, District Supply Officer (in Deputy Collector`s grade) and Special Land Acquisition Officer for land acquisition cases (in Deputy Collector`s grade). The above posts are created temporarily and these officers are working under the direct supervision of the Collector. The Deputy Collector in charge of sub-division is the connecting link between the Tahsildars and the Collector. A Deputy Collector exercises all the powers conferred on the Collector under the Hyderabad Land Revenue Act of 1317 Fasli and by any other Law in force or by executive orders in regard to the tahsils and mahals in his charge, except such powers as the Collector may specially reserve for himself.
The Tahsildar is an officer in executive charge of a tahsil. The Naib-Tahsildar of Bhoom mahal is in executive charge of that mahal. However, there are three to four posts of Revenue Inspectors instead of Circle Inspectors in each tahsil. These Revenue Inspectors are in charge of a circle consisting of 30 to 45 villages. In Marathwada area, Revenue Inspectors are also designated as Girdawar. The Revenue Inspector is an important official in the Revenue department. He is responsible for the entire revenue administration of villages in his circle and supervision of the work carried on by the village officials in his charge.
Thus discussed is the administrative layout of the district of Osmanabad.