Flying Fish, Indian Marine Species - Informative & researched article on Flying Fish, Indian Marine Species
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesHistory of India

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Geography of India > Indian Natural History > Flying Fish
Flying Fish, Indian Marine Species
Flying Fish is mostly found in the south western Indian seas. This fish can fly a maximum distance of about four hundred metres over the surface of sea water.
 Flying Fish, Indian Marine SpeciesFlying Fish is a type of fish which during its normal swimming movement in water can occasionally take to aerial flight by jumping into the air and gliding horizontally. The distance thus covered is at times as long as four hundred metres. These fishes occur on both east and west coasts of India, but more on the south-west where they form a fishery in winter months. They belong to the family Exocoetidae. The species are recorded from Indian seas, of which three, Cypselurus altipennis, Exocoetus volitans, and Paraexocoetus brachypterus are common.

There are small twenty five centimetres long fish with elongated roundish body and long broad pectoral fins extending up to the tail fin, the lower lobe of which also is elongated and pronounced. In some species the pelvic fin too is enlarged. Being pelagic, they swim usually in the upper strata of water. When they are about to fly, they accelerate their speed for a short distance, then suddenly jerk their head out of water and with powerful vibrations of the caudal portion of their body and the tail fin kick the water surface and become air-borne like a plane, spreading out their large pectoral fins for gliding. The pectoral fins are not flapped like birds' or butterflies' wings but kept distended.

The aerial flights are undertaken usually to escape enemies or when alarmed by approaching ships. But sometimes they may be purposeful; probably to cover distances quickly while catching small pelagic fish for food.

Fishermen off the south-western coast of India tie a broad piece of cloth to two poles on a catamaran or a small boat while moving in the fishing area. The flying fish in their flight strike the cloth and fall into the boat, to be merely collected by the fishermen. The leaping action of fishes such as chanos, mullets and rohu across nets are merely to escape the nets and although they cover some distance in air, the action is different from flying or gliding. The eggs of flying fish have long tendril-like processes by which they are entangled with each other or attached to weeds. They remain floating till the young ones hatch out.

(Last Updated on : 26/08/2014)
More Articles in Indian Natural History  (66)
Snails  (3)
Spider  (1)
Sponges  (1)
Recently Updated Articles in History of India
Princely State of Narsinghgarh
Princely State of Narsinghgarh was under the administrative control of the Bhopal Agency. The region was scattered over a total area of 1901 sqkm.
Sakyamuni is another name of Gautama Buddha, the reviver of Buddhism.
Literature during Mauryan Empire
Literature during Mauryan Empire was composed either in Sanskrit or Prakrit or Pali. Chanakya was the well known author of that time.
Kadambas of Banavasi
Kadambas of Banavasi in Karnataka were famous for their inscriptions.
Kadamba Dynasty in Hangal
Kadamba dynasty in Hangal helped the Western Chalukyas thereby re establishing the Kadamba dynasty. Chatta Deva was the founder of Kadambas of Hangal.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum on Geography of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
Flying Fish, Indian Marine Species - Informative & researched article on Flying Fish, Indian Marine Species
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.