Pindaris, Maratha Empire - Informative & researched article on Pindaris, Maratha Empire
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesHistory of India

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > History of India > Medieval History of India > Maratha Empire > Pindaris
Pindaris, Maratha Empire
Pindaris were the marauders who were an integral part of the Maratha units.
 Lord WellesleyThe Pindaris are recognised as plunderers on horseback who came into prominence when the Mughal Empire was disintegrating. They were also known to accompany the Maratha armies. In the 18th century India the Pindaris were popular as marauders who received no payment for plundering but they seeked the privilege to plunder on their own accord. Each group with a self chosen leader was a part of the Maratha army. However in the late 17th century it was the Muslim rulers who for the first time organised the Pindaris. Maratha leaders like Holkar and Sindhia benevolently awarded them for their services. However, with the consolidation of the British Empire the Pindaris found themselves at the receivers' end.

It was Lord Wellesley who was the first to point out the necessity to crush the Pindaris of Central India. However, the Pitts' India Act prevented the Company from taking any steps. On the other hand, after the disintegration of the Maratha army in 1803-04, this group primarily dwelled in Malwa and received support from the rulers of Gwalior and Indore. They assembled in the beginning of November every year and attacked the British territories mercilessly. The British tolerated this menace for a long time but finally under the governorship of Lord Hastings measures were taken to put an end to the Pindari plunders.

In 1816, the Raja of Jaipur was pinned into his capital by Amir Khan (Pindari leader), who brought up 200 cannons. In his desperation he begged again and again for a subsidiary alliance, which was granted by Metcalfe. A British force assembled on the Jaipur frontier, and Amir Khan hurriedly withdrew his precious guns. The Raja thereupon sent expresses to his 'vakils' at Delhi, telling them not to sign the treaty. Metcalfe in response merely asked for an explicit declaration that the matter was finished, and remarked that the Raja was now left to his fate. In October, the Raja took fright again, and said his 'vakils' had been mistaken, and implored to be accepted as a feudatory. Lord Hastings observed that he wanted the appearance of alliance with the Company, without the objectionable fact of subordination to them. He replied to the Raja that he could sign the treaty he had already rejected, but without further argument. The Raja procrastinated. But his actions had ceased to have any relevance. The stage was set for war and a comprehensive settlement.

This occurrence of the last Anglo-Maratha war was unavoidable. Nevertheless, lesser factors than the inevitability of sooner or later clearing up the appalling chaos of Central India operated towards its outbreak. In April 1816 the Governor-General received the news of a Pindari incursion into British territory, the Guntur Sircar, south of Orissa. The violation led thousands of people to distract from leading normal life and to flee from being the witness of the massacre. By 1817, the Pindaris were expelled from Malwa by the British forces. Karim Khan, another influential Pindari leader, surrendered to the British on 18th February, 1818. The Marathas also handed over another leader, Wasil Muhammad. Thus, by the middle of the nineteenth century the Pindaris had been completely crushed by the British Raj in India.

(Last Updated on : 10/06/2011)
More Articles in Maratha Empire  (65)
Recently Updated Articles in History of India
Military Administration of Tipu sultan
Military administration of Tipu Sultan gives evidence for the well furnished military forces.
Religious Administration of Tipu Sultan
Religious Administration of Tipu Sultan deserve appraisal due to his direct involvement in religious affairs.
Foreign Policy of Tipu Sultan
Foreign policy of Tipu Sultan includes his relationship with Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey and France in military, political, trade issues.
Land Revenue system of Tipu Sultan
Land revenue system of Tipu Sultan was one of the important measures by the King to bring proper reformation.
Forts of Shivaji
Forts of Shivaji have been marvellously built and figure many in number, almost over three hundred. There is no monotony seen in the construction of the various forts, and they correspond to the topography of the land.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum on History of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
Pindaris, Maratha Empire - Informative & researched article on Pindaris, Maratha Empire
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.