(Last Updated on : 08/08/2009)
The domain of Indian literature had started to take its first ever footsteps since the Vedic Age in the pre-Christian era, with the birth of written literature in India under the rishis or sadhus, who had been lending information from the gurukul to their disciples. However, prior to written literature in India, literary traditions in India indeed had commenced from the arrival of mankind onto Indian soil, with the extraordinary format of oral literature. However, in order to gift a rock solid life to such oral literature, written literature was a must which had to be formulated for the future generations to peek into the yesteryears of the highly charged and sophisticated literature in ancient India. As such, from the beginning of mankind in the Vedic era, man had mastered the art of penning down brilliant literature in the form of poetry, prose, drama, short story or novel. And the domain of Indian literary organisations perhaps had commenced from that Age itself, with writers trying out to fill up the communication vacuity which might have existed due to geographical distance. Indeed, the roots of such literary organisations in India - standing for any given association which is absolutely dedicated to the mission of uplifting or upgrading or popularising the cause of Indian literature - do possess their ancestry in the pre-Christian times of the Vedic period, from the times of Mahabharata or Ramayana. However, the definition of Indian literary organisations does indeed owe their secured and guaranteed bloodline in the India from Pre-Independence.
The Indian Independence Movement was that blazing and overspreading a domain, which had greatly provided impetus and boost to such literary organisations in India to write and popularise for a beneficial social cause, precisely for the welfare of the `natives`. The Indian subcontinent, under the domination and authority of the Britishers, had given birth to a historic era of 200 years, which had witnessed the proliferation of an overwhelming number of freedom fighters and writers and authors, who were born for the sole cause of getting their country freed from English clutches. As such, besides the talented bunch of gentlemen who had sworn them as Indian nationalists - men who conceived that the sword was mightier than the pen, pre-Independent India also possessed that bunch of men who had conceived that the pen too was mightier than the sword. Such writers and authors, all of whom who were united for the cause of Indian freedom and swaraj, had truly given life to memorable authorships and books, which are still highlighted for re-viewing a glorious India. And in this Indian Freedom Movement context, the Indian literary organisations had assisted immensely. Leaving out the famed and the illustrious writers from every Indian language, the anonymous writers, who perhaps would forever have had lost in the dust of times, were successful to come together in a common platform through the efficient functioning of such literary organisations of India. Indeed, Bengal and its birth of an Indian renaissance had topped in the chart of establishing such literary organisations to promote in the cry of resistance against the oppressing Britishers to crush such merciless men by the valour of literature and its organisational native power.
With the advancement of time and the birth of a new Indian after 1947, an Independent India had much to do and accomplish in order to make its administrational base secure for the upcoming decades. However, amidst all such hullabaloo, Indian forever had remained fastened and protected in the form of Indian literature, which was giving birth to wondrous innovative concepts over and over. As a result, such Indian literary organisations also had begun to progress, now presenting themselves with more moneyed aims and solemn goals to make them known and acknowledged internationally. Till now, there existed nothing as a strict definition to redefine such literary organisations of India. But after Independence, they started to don a new look and emoted charisma from all possible angles. The Indian literary organisations from post-Independence primarily hence had begun to work towards establishing an easy communication between the Indian writers and publishing houses. Indeed, fresh aspects like colonialism or post-colonialism in Indian literature, the impact of British English in India, or the abundance of the printing press, had made the literary organisations in India look towards another side of life, turning on a new leaf. Books from anonymity had begun to gain admiration amongst the literary or common circle, the finished novel or story began to reach out to public through conferences or ceremonial launch shows. These, and many more honest efforts were set about to be executed by the literary organisation from India.
The present Indian literature scenario is though much different and unlike from the yesteryears of pre-Independence or the Indian of 1960s or 1970s. The Indian literary organisations of today not only publish the new books penned and sold, but they also do endeavour to keep an authentic record of books written and every minute details of every author. These organisations function from different states and deal with the regional writers and their works, besides the overwhelming response to Indian writing in English. In this context of literary organisations in India, the Sahitya Akademi had and still do lead the exceedingly scenario of writers and their forum of excellence. The Akademi was set up by the Government of India on March 12, 1954, to promote and coordinate literary activities in all the Indian languages and to uphold through them the cultural unity of India. This Indian literary organisation was registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860, from which period, exceptional book and their meritorious authors are awarded each year, amidst an international acclamation.
The Asom Sahitya Sabha, a literary organisation in Assam has projected to establish a full-fledged academia to instill art, literature and culture amongst the youth of the North East of India. The Sabha has incurred a 100 crore budgetary plan to the Central government. In south India, Kannada Saahithya Parishath is a Kannada literary organisation, that was founded in 1915 in Bangalore. This non-profitable organisation promotes the Kannada language through publishing books, organising literary seminars. The annual conference on Kannada literature named, Kannada Sahithya Sammelana, is their sponsorship and bears a special significance on national basis. The president of Kannada Saahithya Parishath is a noted Kannada litterateur, chosen annually. Indeed, from such regional Indian literature and their literary organisational scenario, it is truly a concluded concept that Indian literary organisations are here to stay set for many years to come.
The numerous Indian literary organisations have valued the precious culture and literature of the nation and also do organise several motivating programmes to promote the heritage of India through pen and paper. Some of the sophisticated and classy literary organisations in India from the every present do comprise names like - Academy of Indo-Asian Literature from New Delhi; Chetna Literary Group from Mangalore; Gujarat Dalit Sahitya Academy from Ahmedabad; Indian Society of Authors from New Delhi; International Poetry Society of Kolkata, India from Kolkata; Michael Madhusudan Academy from Kolkata; Madpur Sahitya Parishad from West Bengal; United Writers Association from Chennai; Sahitya Sanskruti Sansad from Orissa; The Home of Letters from Bhubaneshwar; World Literary Organization from Agartala and, Writers Club International from Chandigarh.