(Last Updated on : 20/08/2016)
is one of the most populated states in India
and is also home to many tribal communities
. Some of the main tribes in the state are Baiga, Agariya, Buksha, Kol and more and some of them have been recognized as the Scheduled Tribes
by the Government of India
. The tribal population of Uttar Pradesh mostly hails from the hilly regions of Uttar Pradesh and is also one of the weakest communities in the entire state.
Agariya Tribe of Uttar Pradesh:
One of the Scheduled Tribes of Uttar Pradesh is the Agariya people. During the years of the British rule
, the ones who lived in and around Mirzapur
were involved in the mining of iron.
Aheria Tribe of Uttar Pradesh:
An ethnic community of people in India, Aheria is mainly found in the state of Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan
. Before the 1920s, they were mainly hunters but later on they became farmers.
Baiga Tribe of Uttar Pradesh:
Commonly found in Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand
, Madhya Pradesh
, the Baiga tribe
also has some sub castes like Nahar, Bijhwar, Narotia, Kadh Bhaina, Rai Bhaina, Bharotia etc.
This tribe practices shifting cultivation in the forest. As they never plough the same patch of earth again and again, they lead a semi-nomadic life. Baiga have tattooing as an integral part of their lifestyle. They are the successors of the Dravidians
Beldar Tribe of Uttar Pradesh:
A part of the Scheduled Castes, Beldar are originally from Uttar Pradesh. The Kewat community is claimed to be their ancestors and have a history of moving from one place to another.
Buksa Tribe of Uttar Pradesh:
Living mainly in the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand
, the Buksa people are indigenous people who have been granted the status of the Scheduled Tribes.
Bind Tribe of Uttar Pradesh:
The Bind tribe is found in Uttar Pradesh and belongs to the Other Backward Caste. This community claims that they belong to the Simha community and are different from the other castes including the Bin in Bihar
. They have originated from the Vindhya Hills
located in the central part of India.
Chero Tribe of Uttar Pradesh:
Found in the states of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh in the North India, the Chero is a scheduled caste, a community that claims to have been originally the Chandravanshi Rajputs. They belong to one of the tribal communities that are resident of the southeastern parts of Uttar Pradesh like the Kol and Bhar. They ruled northern parts of Bihar until the Rajputs
disposed them off. Now, they can be found in the areas that extend from Muzaffarpur to Allahabad
. They are sub-divided into Chaudhary and Mahto.
Ghasia Tribe of Uttar Pradesh:
The Ghasia are one of the many tribal communities from Sonbhadra and Mirzapur in the southern parts of Uttar Pradesh. According to their claims, at some point of time, they were the rulers but since they lost their rulings, they started cultivation.
Kol Tribe of Uttar Pradesh:
Mainly found in the Allahabad, Varanasi
and Mirzapur districts, the Kol is the largest tribe in Uttar Pradesh. As stated in the history, this community migrated from the central parts of India almost 5 centuries ago. They are one of the Scheduled Castes available in UP.
Korwa Tribe of Uttar Pradesh:
The Korwas, a Scheduled Tribe found in the Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh is economically and socially poor community. They are isolated tribes and most of them are hunter gatherers.
Indian Tribal People
North Indian Tribes
Indian Scheduled Tribes