Economic Life Of the Indus people - Informative & researched article on Economic Life Of the Indus people
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesHistory of India

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > History of India > Ancient History of India > Indus Valley Civilisation > Economic Life Of the Indus people
Economic Life Of the Indus people
Mainly agrarian, the economic life of the Indus people echoed the modernity which was sown in that era.
 Economic Life Of the Indus peopleBig and modernised cities like Mohenjodaro and Harappa are evidence of the effective economic conditions of the Indus Valley citizens. Following professions, trades etc., a picture of the economic life of people of Indus Valley is illustrated below :-
(a) Agriculture- The Harappans were agriculturalists. Their economy was entirely dominated by horticulture. The Indus River valley was quite fertile when the Harappans thrived there. Agriculture was their chief line of work. Main agricultural products comprised wheat, barely, rice, cotton, vegetables etc. There were vast storehouses to gather food grains etc. Sickles and other types of agricultural equipments have also been found.

(b) Domestication of Animals-This was another means of sustenance of the Indus Valley civilisation. The seals identified, depict that primary animals were cow, bulls, buffaloes, sheep, goat, camels etc.

(c) Hunting-Besides being a means of entertainment, hunting was also a means of sustenance. They merchandised the skins, hair and bones of different animals. Fishing was also admired.

(d) Weaving and Spinning-Various objects excavated, establish that weaving and spinning were admired among the community. Cotton as well as wool was used for designing clothes.

(e) Pottery-Indus Valley inhabitants were skilled to manufacture pottery of a very lofty standard and it is "the earliest example of its kind in the ancient world". It was constructed on a wheel. Numerous statuettes on the pots have been excavated. Domestic vessels like heaters, store-jars, offering stands etc., were manufactured. Glazing vessels of copper, bronze, silver and porcelain were also created.

(f) Metals and Minerals-Gold, silver, bronze and lead were utilised. Most of the pots unearthed were made from copper and bronze. The use of these metals itself establishes the economic conditions of the people. However, iron was possibly alien to them.

(g) Trade and Commerce-This ancient civilisation had trade relations with other countries. Gold, silver, copper and other precious stones which have been excavated in Mohenjodaro and Harappa, must have been fetched from foreign countries, because till then they were not found here. Trade of cloth was accomplished with other countries. Particular objects of Indus Valley Civilization discovered in Sumeria, corroborates the trade relations with foreign countries. There were trade dealings with West Asia also. The trade was achieved through river routes. The designs of boat substantiate it.

(h) Weights and Measures-Particular weights and measures were excavated during diggings in Harappa and Mohenjodaro. Some of the weights were so large that they were hauled by ropes. Others were of a small size, normally used by jewellery makers. Besides the measure of cubic system, foot system was also in vogue.

Thus, it can be seen that there was rapid economic activity in the Indus Valley and citizens were affluent.

(Last Updated on : 28/03/2012)
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
More Articles in Indus Valley Civilisation  (19)
Recently Updated Articles in History of India
Tirumala Deva Raya
Tirumala Deva Raya was the brother of the Aliya Rama Raya and son-in-law of Krishna Deva Raya.
Sriranga II
Sriranga II was killed within four months of his accession, but one of his sons, Rama Deva, escaped.
Sriranga Deva Raya I
Sriranga I died in 1586, without an heir and was succeeded by his youngest brother Venkatapathi Raya (Venkata II).
Ruler of Aravidu Dynasty
Rama Raya was a successful army general, able administerator and tactful diplomat of Aravidu Dynasty.
Forum on History of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
Economic Life Of the Indus people - Informative & researched article on Economic Life Of the Indus people
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.