Hemachandra, Indian Sage of Jainism - Informative & researched article on Hemachandra, Indian Sage of Jainism
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Purans


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Indian Purans > Indian Puranas > Sages of India > Hemachandra
Hemachandra, Indian Sage of Jainism
Hemachandra Suri is famous acharya of Jains. He was a notable Jain scholar, poet, and polymath who were born in Gujarat.
 
 Hemachandra, Indian Sage of JainismAcharya Hemachandra Suri was an Indian Jain scholar, poet, and polymath. He is credited with writing on grammar, doctrine, prosody, and contemporary history. He is noted as a prodigy by his contemporaries and was bestowed with the title Kalikal Sarvagya, meaning all-knowing of the Kali age.

Acharya Hemachandra Suri was born in Dhandhuka, Gujarat about 100 km south west of Ahmadabad. His father Chachadev and mother Pahini Devi named him Changdev. The Jain temple of Modhera Tirtha is located at his birthplace. At a very young age his parents initiated Chandradeva as an ascetic at a Jain temple. He took the name Somachandra. The boy was imparted training in religious discourses, doctrine, logic and grammar. At the age of 21 in 1110, he was ordained as an Acharya of the Shvetambar denomination of Jainism. It was then that he was given the name Acharya Somchandra and was popularly known as Hemachandra.

Impact of Hemachandra
During the time of Hemachandra Gujarat was ruled by the Solanki Dynasty. Under the reign of Siddharaj Jaysinh I, Hemachandra rose to prominence. He served as the advisor to his successor Kumarapala in 1143-1173. During the reign of Kumarapala Gujarat became a reputed centre of culture. In the year 1121, Hemachandra was involved in the construction of the Jain temple at Taranga. The influence of the teachings of Hemachandra had a soothing impact on Kumarapala. As a result of this effect the Jain religious faith became the official religion of Gujarat. Even animal slaughter was banned.

Taking an approach of anekantavada, Acharya Hemachandra is said to have displayed a broad minded attitude and pleased the Kumarapala. Perceiving the rise and popularity of Hemachandra certain Brahmins grew jealous of him. They thus complained to the Emperor that Hemachandra was a very arrogant person who did not have any respect towards the Hindu Gods, and that he refused to bow down to Lord Shiva. Upon hearing this, the Emperor called him to visit the temple of Lord Shiva. Hemachandra readily bowed before the idol of Shiva, but said that he is bowing down only to that God who has demolished the passions like attachment and hate which are the cause of corporeal life, whether he is Lord Brahma, Lord Vishu, or Jin. He ensured that he always remained true to the principles of Jainism like a Jain should bow down only to a passionless and detached God such as a Jin. This approach of Hemachandra pleased the Emperor who ultimately became an ardent devotee and follower of Hemachandra and a champion of Jainism.

(Last Updated on : 19/04/2012)
More Articles in Sages of India  (79)
 
Bhrigu  (2)
 
Parasara  (2)
 
Jamadagni  (1)
 
 
Devarata  (1)
 
Agastya  (1)
 
Kandu  (1)
 
Swaphalka  (1)
 
 
 
Ruchi  
 
 
 
 
 
Kanwa  
 
 
 
 
Kratu  
 
 
Sadhus  
 
Saktri  
 
 
 
 
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Purans
Episodes In Ramayana
Episodes in Ramayana elaborately describe all the incidents before the birth of Lord Rama and his brother till the last days of Rama in the world. In between, there are several descriptions of some of the great personalities of Ramayana apart from Lord Rama like, Hanuman, Sugriba, Vivishan, Ravana, and of course Sita.
Regions of Hell
Regions of Hell are classified according to Hindu cosmology, which are located under the Earth.
Manas, Spirit
Manas or Spirit in Rig Veda is a hymn which is written to recall the passing spirit of a human being during death.
Hymns of Rig Veda
Hymns of Rig Veda or the Vedic Hymns in Rig Veda or Suktas are mainly composed in the praise of Gods to bestow the human beings with worldly pleasures.
Daksha
Daksha is a renowned Prajapati, who was born from the thumb of Brahma.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Indian Purans
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Hemachandra, Indian Sage of Jainism - Informative & researched article on Hemachandra, Indian Sage of Jainism
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.