(Last Updated on : 18/06/2013)
Ports of Kutch District are dealing with the main outland ports of Western India. Gujarat state has the largest coastline having variety of natural advantages for maritime activities. Ports in the Gulf of Kutch have played a key role in promoting trade activities.
Kandla Port, a national port, is one of the eleven most important ports of India. This port is situated on Kandla stream. The first investigation of this stream was undertaken by the British Royal India Navy in 1851 and a detailed survey done in 1922. This port is developed by Joint project of Maharao Shree Khengarji-III and British Government in the 19th century. The Kandla port came into existence in the year 1931 with a single Peir construction. Later on with the loss of Karchi port to Pakistan during partition, after independence the government of India chose Kandla as an ideal sea outlet. Thus the Kandla Port was developed and since then Kandla port has played a pivotal role in enhancing country's maritime trade. Standard dry cargo treatment capacity of Kandla Port is 24,000 metric tons per day. The port is under Ministry of Commerce and is managed by a Port Trust with a Chairman as its head.
Mandvi is a fair weather lighter age Port. It is situated on the right bank of river Rukmavati in the Gulf of Kutch, on the west coast of India. Mandvi Port is an ancient port and ship building center situated at Mandvi, about 52 km from Bhuj, in Kutch District of Gujarat. It is situated on the right bank of Rukmavati River in Gulf of Kutch, on the west coast of India. Mandvi Port was an important sea trade post built more than four centuries ago by the Rulers of Kutch.
The port is well known for country craft construction business from ancient time. Traffic is moved by country craft and lighter age vessels at this port. There is ample opportunity to develop repair facilities by constructing slipway. Clay, bauxite, cotton seeds, salt and oil cakes are exported from here. Fertilizers, building materials and dates are the major products imported.
Bhuj Airport serves Mandvi. New Bhuj Railway Station is the nearest railhead. By road, Mandvi is well connected to Gandhidham, Bhuj and Ahmedabad.
Mundra Port dons a mantle of a 4000-year historical legacy of Gujarat's maritime glory. Today, Mundra once more opens up India's most natural gateway to the world. Mundra Port is a fully commercial and professionally managed multi-purpose port making the optimum utilization of all the resources, potential and abilities available. Its comprehensive range of maritime services is continuously enhanced to serve customers satisfactorily. Mundra Port has practiced a comprehensive and integrated development philosophy in the areas of marine structures, backup storage area, cargo handling facilities, and logistics, within the port with a single window operating system for the customer's satisfaction.
Jakhau Port is also one of the oldest ports of Kutch District. Today, this port is only used for fisher men. Jakhau Port has its own importance. This is a very beautiful Port of Kutch. There is a centre for coastguard and water department of B.S.F. in Jakhau Port. The Coast Guard Station Jakhau at Jakhau port has recently been activated in position 23 deg. 14 Min. North and 68 deg. 35 Min. East under the operational and administrative control of Commander District No.1. Jakhau is a minor port frequently visited by small ships loading salt during the fair weather season from Oct to Jan during the year.
The Coast Guard has activated its operation in Jakhau port with a view to provide protection to the fishermen and maintain law and discipline at sea. The Coast Guard units at sea keep vigil and monitor anti-smuggling / anti-poaching and anti piracy operations.