(Last Updated on : 09/05/2014)
Books by Rabindranath Tagore
essentially show social consciousness. Rabindranath Tagore was a Renaissance man. An early advocate of the Independence of India, Rabindranath in his novels raised a silent protest against the socio-political repression and suppression. Combining the traditional Indian culture with Western ideas, Rabindranath Tagore was first to bring an element of psychological realism to his novels. Truly a modern man, Rabindranath Tagore, advocates for the freedom of women. The common homespun women of the aristocratic family were the important characters he deals with. Tagore in his novels verbalized the women empowerment and his women have the verve of energy, which makes them come out from the uncomplicated family life and participate in the radical politics. In the contemporary patriarchal society, Rabindranath Tagore, deviates from the normal trend and etched out the women as the sole power.
Much of Tagore's ideology, as is revealed in his writings comes from the teaching of the Upanishads
and from his own beliefs that God can be found through personal purity and service to others. He stressed the need for new world order based on translational values and ideas, the unity consciousness. Politically active in India, Tagore was a supporter of Mahatma Gandhi
, but warned of the dangers of nationalistic thought. Unable to gain ideological support to his views, he retired into relative solitude. And during this solitude he travelled widely and produced a number of travel accounts, which are the treasures of the Indian Literature. A genius Rabindranath Tagore is considered as one of the famous luminaries of Indian Literary World.
Tagore is most popular for his poetry. Besides poetry he also wrote novels, stories, and non fictional books.
Tagore's poems are varied in style and subject matter. Tagore's poetry became most innovative after his exposure to rural Bengal's folk music including Baul ballads. During his Shilaidaha staying his poetry took a lyrical quality. His Africa and Camalia are examples of his important poems. Gitanjali
is his most known collection winning him Nobel Prize.This collection replicates the true Indian Philosophy in all its glory. Gitanjali, an anthology of poem advocates the idea of serving the poor, the destitute than to serve the god.
Tagore wrote eight novels and four novellas. Among them Gora
raises the question regarding Indian identity. This book is set on political background. Gora is a social chronicle depicting the entire Bengali society in a harmonious way and at the same time raising a protest against the social taboos. Chaturanga
, Shesher Kobita, Char Odhay, Noukadubi, and The home and the World (Ghare Bairte) are also important. Within the political background of pre independence, Ghare baire is a social drama depicting the extramarital relationship of the woman protagonist. The heroine in Jogajog is torn between her pity for the sinking fortunes of her progressive and compassionate elder brother and his foil: her exploitative, rakish, and patriarchical husband. In Chokher Bali Tagore records 20th century Bengali society.
Books of plays
Tagore wrote plays like Chitra
, The post Office. Chitra is a one act play. His "The king of the dark chambers" also known as "Red Oleanders" reverberates the very rhythm of unearthly and personal stimulation of the individual in their eternal quest for beauty.
Tagore composed some beautiful stories which are worthy to read. The hungry stones is
one of importance. The winding alleyways of the human minds are the key theme the poignant story The Hungry Stone. Kabuliwala is another which depicts the friendship of a fruit seller from Kabul and little Mini instead of their age difference.
Tagore wrote many non fictional books on variety of subjects like Indian History, Linguistics, spirituality etc. His travelogues, essays, lectures and letters are complied in several volumes. He wrote Sadhana
which includes ideal way of spiritual upliftment.
The books by Rabindranath Tagore are one kind of assette. His works testimonies the Bengali culture tradition and social life of the contemporary.