(Last Updated on : 04/01/2010)
The Indian village scene is full of surprises and talent. Apart from the basic occupation of farming, the Indian villagers, being talented individuals have innovated their own village art, which have very distinctive and special village culture in them. The art of every village is distinctive and this shows in the various paintings by these people. Be it the Madhubani Paintings, Phad Paintings
or the Patachitra Paintings
, all display the culture and tradition of their respective villages!
These paintings are an indigenous art form of a
picturesque village of Bihar. The women have practised this art form since many centuries and they maintain their dominance on this craft. However, it was only in the 1960's that this art form came in the forefront, when a drought hit the area and people had to think of an alternative non-agricultural source of earning. Selling these traditional paintings on handmade paper was the best alternative. And today they are one of the most celebrated Folk Arts of the world.
The figures are painted on household and village walls to mark the seasonal festivals, for special events of the life-cycle and when marriages are being arranged they prepare intricately designed wedding proposals and the technique of painting is safely and zealously guarded by the women of this village, for it is to be passed on by a mother to her daughter. However, most of the Madhubani Paintings mostly feature nature related themes.
Mythological figures also find great prominence in these paintings. Hindu deities like Krishna, Rama
, Siva, Durga
, Lakshmi and Saraswati
are the most common subjects of Madhubani Painters. Apart from deities the women also paint celestial subjects like the Sun and Moon. The holy Tulsi plant is also regularly featured in these paintings. Intricate floral, animal and bird motifs, and symmetrical geometric designs fill up the gaps. Since this intricate skill is handed down the generations, traditional designs and patterns are widely maintained.
Patachitra is a vibrant folk art form native to Orissa, a state
in eastern India. This famous ethnic painting was born out of the cult of Jagannath Dev - the presiding deity of Orissa
. Incredible pictorial conceptions, characteristic conventions and vibrant colors make the Patachitra a unique treasure in the rich coffer of Indian traditional art. Executed primarily on cloth, using natural colors, these handcrafted paintings have charmed admirers from all over the world.