(Last Updated on : 21-11-2015)
The Buddhist, Hindu and Muslim dynasties have ruled Karnataka
successively. Jainism too established its roots here. It is said that India's first emperor of Maurya Empire Chandragupta Maurya
converted to Jainism in the 4th century. He renounced his throne and fasted to death at Sravanabelagola
and now one of the famous pilgrimage centres of Jainism. During the first millennium AD, the whole of Karnataka was dominated by power struggles between the various kingdoms that controlled Western Deccan. From the 6th to 8th century, Karnataka was under the domination of the Chalukyas
In the Medieval era, the Muslim invasions from the North forced the fractured states of the south into close alliance with the Vijayanagar Empire
who emerged as the property owners. Their lavish capital Vijaynagar extended from the Bay of Bengal
to the Arabian Sea
and south to Cape Comorin. The Muslim's superior military strength triumphed in 1565 at the Battle of Talikota
, when the Bahmanis seized Vijaynagar plundering its palaces and temples.
After which a succession of Muslim sultans held influence over the north and in the south, the Wadiyar rajas of Mysore
fought of the Marathas. In 1761, the Muslim campaigner Hyder Ali
with French East India Company
support seized the throne. His son Tipu Sultan
turned Mysore into a major force in the south before the British killed him in 1799 at the battle of Srirangapatanam. Following Tipu Sultan's defeat, the British restored the Wadayar family to the throne. In 1830, the British appointed a Commission to rule in their place.
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