Geography of Maharashtra - Informative & researched article on Geography of Maharashtra
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesStates of India

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
States of India|Indian Cities|Beaches of India|Hill Stations in India|Forests in India
Home > Travel > States of India > Maharashtra > Geography of Maharashtra
Geography of Maharashtra
Covering an area of 308,000 sq. km, Maharashtra, the third largest state in India.
 Covering an area of 308,000 sq. km, Maharashtra, the third largest state in India, is remarkable for its extraordinary physical homogeneity. Sahyadris are the physical backbone of the state. With an average range of 1000 m it gradually plunges into the Konkan, coastal lowland barely 50 km wide, with steep cliffs. Though having an altitude below 200 m on an average, the Konkan Coast is not a plain land. Vastly dissected and broken, the topography of Konkan is featured with narrow, steep sided valleys and low laterite plateaus. The Satpuras across the northern border and Bhamragar in the east form the natural limits of the state thereby serving as the physical barriers. The landscape presents a tedious uniformity except around the eastern limit. The rain-fed rivers like Krishna, Bhima,Godavari, Tapi- Purna & Wardha- Wainganga flows over the region .

The state enjoys the tropical-monsoon climate, hence the scorching summer covers maximum of the year. The region enjoys seasonal rainfall in June. Except Konkan, in the windward, the rest of the state enjoys a scanty rainfall of about 70 cm. The rich green during the monsoon persists in the early winter until the dry summer sets the area barren again.

The region is dotted with forests in the Sahyadris and in the plateaus. Comprising an area of 17%, the forests are endowed with a wide range of resources, which is the primary source of income of the state. The scanty rainfall & the black laterite soil, commonly called "regur" do not support the cultivation of food crops. Cotton is the principal crop produced here. Some areas where those black soils are deeper & heavier, is suitable for the rabi crops. The mixture of lime & morand(a type of soil) forms the "Khariff Zone". In the higher plateau basalt rock forms the brick red coloured stony laterite.

Due to uneven and meager rainfall, some parts (mainly the villages in the interior) suffer from the want of drinking water. Barely 11% of the cultivated area can be irrigated. Mainly the farmers depend on the process of artificial irrigation. Tank irrigation is practiced in the granitic terrain of Vidarbha whereas the coastal areas have to depend only on the system of well irrigation. The government too has undertaken multi-state irrigation projects for the development of agriculture in the state

Protected areas of Maharashtra
With the solemn aim of preserving the rich bio- diversity of the state and thereby protecting the wildlife from the threats of extinction, several areas have been protected by government to build up the sanctuaries & national parks here. As of May 2004, India has 92 national parks, of which 5 were in Maharashtra. A major portion of Vidarbha is protected for forest & wildlife conservation. Tadoba Andheri Tiger Project is the remarkable tiger project in Vidarbha. Sagareswar Wild life sanctuary is a man- made sanctuary where the ancient temples of Lord Shiva and Temple of Parshwanath are the principal attraction here. Sanjay Gandhi National Park is recognized as the world`s largest national park. Tiger project has been promoted in the Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park formerly known as Pench national park and Gugamal National Park. Navegaon National Park is the abode of various species of birds, deer, bear and leopards. Chandoli National Park presents a wide diversity of flora & fauna with Prachitgad fort & Chandoli dam as the natural scenic beauty.

(Last Updated on : 28/08/2012)
More Articles in Maharashtra  (126)
Recently Updated Articles in States of India
Leisure Tourism in Jamnagar District
Leisure tourism in Jamnagar District in Gujarat consists of interesting historical monuments, forts and palaces which bear testimony to the rich historical accounts associated to this part of the nation.
Districts of West Bengal
Districts of West Bengal figure nineteen in number. They add to the cultural and artistic heritage of the state of West Bengal. Alipurduar is now formed as Alipurduar District.
Surathkal is a suburb of Mangalore, in Karnataka, where the renowned National Institute of Technology Karnataka is situated. Surathkal beach also serves as a popular tourist destination
Districts of Meghalaya
Districts of Meghalaya comprises a total of seven administrative districts. Administration of each district is headed by a Deputy Commissioner.
Tamilakam is used to denote a single area where the Tamil was a natural language and culture for common people.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum on States of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Travel
Geography of Maharashtra - Informative & researched article on Geography of Maharashtra
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.