Gaekwads of Baroda - Informative & researched article on Gaekwads of Baroda
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesHistory of India

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > History of India > Medieval History of India > Maratha Empire > Gaekwads of Baroda
Gaekwads of Baroda
The Gaekwad or Gaekwar were the rulers of the princely state of Baroda from the mid eighteenth century till 1947.
 From the mid eighteenth century till 1947, the princely state of Baroda in Western India was ruled by a Maratha dynasty, the Gaekwad or the Gaekwar. The ruling prince of the dynasty was called Maharaja Gaekwad of Baroda.

The rule of the Gaekwads began when the Maratha general Pilaji Rao Gaekwad conquered the city of Baroda from the Mughals in 1721. The Gaekwads were granted the city as a fief by the Peshwa of the Maratha Empire. When the Maratha Empire was defeated by the Afghans in the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761 the Gaekwads and several other powerful Maratha clans established themselves as independent rulers of the region. However they respected the nominal authority of the Peshawas and the suzerainty of the Bhonsle Maharaja of Satara.

The Gaekwads together with other Maratha rulers fought the First Anglo Maratha war against the Britishers. In 1802, with the British interference a Gaekwad Maharaja inherited the throne against his rivals and this helped in developing a healthy relation between the two. The Gaekwad concluded a treaty with the British that recognized the independence of the Maratha Empire and gave the Maharajas local autonomy against the recognition of British suzerainty. After India gained independence, the last ruling Maharaja of Baroda acceded to India. Baroda was eventually merged with the Bombay and later taken in Gujarat in 1960 when the states were reorganized on the basis of language.

(Last Updated on : 16/02/2009)
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
More Articles in Maratha Empire  (65)
Recently Updated Articles in History of India
Tirumala Deva Raya
Tirumala Deva Raya was the brother of the Aliya Rama Raya and son-in-law of Krishna Deva Raya.
Sriranga II
Sriranga II was killed within four months of his accession, but one of his sons, Rama Deva, escaped.
Sriranga Deva Raya I
Sriranga I died in 1586, without an heir and was succeeded by his youngest brother Venkatapathi Raya (Venkata II).
Ruler of Aravidu Dynasty
Rama Raya was a successful army general, able administerator and tactful diplomat of Aravidu Dynasty.
Forum on History of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
Gaekwads of Baroda - Informative & researched article on Gaekwads of Baroda
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.