(Last Updated on : 12-06-2017)
Traditional Indian Paintings are as old and varied as the land itself. The painting as a form of art has started in India since the prehistoric times. The earliest paintings in India is found on the walls of the caves in Bhimbetka
in Madhya Pradesh
where the prehistoric men engraved and painted the scenes from game, the animals
and man in the simple geometric lines and colours on the cave walls.
Traditional Indian Paintings are India's pride. They truly replicate India's ancient tradition and inheritance. Since time, these paintings have decorated the walls, homes and courtyards of the villagers, people and tribals
. Indian traditional paintings present an artistic range which expands from the early development to the present day. From being basically spiritual in reason in the establishment, Indian painting
has developed over the years to turn out to be a combination of various cultures and traditions
History of Traditional Indian Painting
Opening with the ancient rock cut paintings and murals
, the Indian art
traditions range around 8,000 years. Bhimbetka caves in Madhya Pradesh are the best example of pre-historic cave paintings
and murals. The paintings of Indus valley
was more preceded and it was during this time that the better paintings tools and techniques were developed. The subject and themes of paintings were quite fundamental. It is assumed that it was throughout this period only that people had started to paint and carve their deities. The influences of cultures and more significantly, the spiritual beliefs of the artists are quite apparent in their paintings.
Themes of Traditional Indian Painting
Themes of Traditional Indian Painting include representation of festivities
, occasions, and gatherings. The themes are various and consist of a portrayal of hunting
parties, war scenes.
Types of Traditional Indian Painting
The different forms of traditional painting in India is therefore vivid and lively, refined and sophisticated, while bold and vigorous at the same time and still have the aesthetic value to the connoisseurs and art-collectors of India and abroad. Indian traditional paintings can be generally divided into following categories:
: The initial miniature paintings in India were set up on palm
leaves. These pieces were generally painted for Jain
merchants. These early miniatures, regarded as Pala and Jain, were pursued later by diverse schools of art such as Rajasthani
miniatures, each of them have their own feature style and individuality.
: It is one of the original art forms dating back to the 12th century from Odisha
. Lord Jagannath
is typically the chief theme of patachitra. Other themes consist of the story of Radha
, scenes from Ramayana
activities and others.
: A Thanjavur painting is a multi-coloured sheet painting done on a wood plank with a deity as the major theme of the work of art. Thanjavur paintings are an antique art which flourished in the South Indian town of Thanjavur
in Tamil Nadu
between the 16th and 18th centuries.
: Warli paintings are done within the walls of huts and implemented with a simple style. Warli art belongs to one of the chief tribes in the Western state of Maharashtra, the Warlis. This art form typically portrays pictures of the tribal daily life and different forms of nature such as the sun
and rain accompanied by a feature absence of any mythological or spiritual figures.
: Cave paintings of India dated back to the ancient times. The supreme examples of these paintings include of the murals of Ajanta
, Bagh, Sittanavasal
, etc, which reproduce an importance on naturalism.
: Mysore Painting is a structure of traditional South Indian
painting, which developed in the Mysore city
: Initially, the womenfolk of the village
drew the paintings on the walls of their home, as a picture of their beliefs, hopes and dreams
. With time, the paintings started fetching a part of festivities and individual events, like marriage
: These painting developed with flourished in the period of 17th to 19th century. Pahari painting is the name given to Rajput paintings
, made in the in the Himachal Pradesh
and Jammu & Kashmir states of India
Bengal School of Art
: The Bengal School of Art is a significant style of art that flourished in India during the British Raj
in the early 20th century. It was associated with Indian patriotism, but was also encouraged and supported by many British arts administrators.