(Last Updated on : 20-06-2019)
Jadunandana Das, a popular Bengali Vaishnava
author, was a contemporary of Srinivasa and Virachandra
. Among his works the most important one is the Karnananda, which was composed in 1607; the first edition of the book was published in Berhampur
. After Prema Vilasa, Karnananda is an important historical work of Bengal
. The word Karnananda means joy of the ear.
Life of Jadunandana Das
Jadunandana Das, belonging to the Vaidya caste
, was born in the Malihati or Melati village near Hathwa in Bihar
. He was initiated into Vaishvism by Suvalachandra Thakura, the grandson of Srinivasa Achrya. Jadunandana was a great admirer of Hemalata Devi, daughter of Srivasa
Achrya. She was married in the village of Budhuipada, where Jadunandana Das spent many years of his life. So, he got the chance to have a glimpse of her. All of his works have mentions of Hemalata Devi
with great respect. She was extremely pleased with Jadunandanas excellence of his composition in Karnananda.
Writings in Karnananda
In Karnananda, Jadunandana Das enters into the theological topics with greater ease and power. He also enlightens his tale with poetical descriptions and uses a facile and musical style. Karnananda is divided into seven Niryasas or chapters. The first Niryasa gives an account of the first disciples of Srinivasa; the second chapter is consisted of the followers of his disciples; the third one gives a sketch of Ramachandra Kaviraja. The next two Niryasas, fourth and fifth, are devoted to the descriptions of the religious queries made by Vira Hamvira and the answers to them by Ramachandra Kaviraja. These dialogues exhibit the time which Vaishnavism saw after the disappearance of Mahaprabhu Chaitanya
. The last portion of the fifth Niryasa gives an account of Srinivasa's interview with Gopala Bhatta
and Jiva Goswami
. The sixth chapter describes the legends of Chaitanya's prophecy about Srinivasa. The seventh or the last Niryasa gives an account of the death of Raghunatha Das
. Jadunandana was well versed in Sanskrit so he gave some preliminary verses in Sanskrit
in Karnananda as well of his own compositions.
Other Works of Jadunandana Das
Apart from Karnananda, Jadunandana was also famous as a translator. He translated some of the Sanskrit poems
of Vaishnava Literature
; for example Govinda Lilamrta by Krishnadas Kaviraj
, Vidagdha Madhava by Rupa
and Krishnakarnamrta by Vilvamangala. The translations are all metrical and lucid in their own styles. Among these translations, Govinda Lilamrta is the most remarkable work of him. Jadunandana Das has also composed many songs on Radha
, which can be found in Padakalpataru and some other anthologies
of Vaishnava verse.