Valmiki National Park
Valmiki National Park is located in the Gangetic Plains Bio-Geographic Zone, more specifically, in the West Champaran district. This national park was notified in 1989 and is spread over a total area of about 335.65 square kilometers. Valmiki National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is the 18th Tiger Reserve of the country. It is a part of a large tiger conservation landscape namely, the Royal Chitwan Tiger Conservation landscape. The Valmiki protected areas in India, along with two other protected regions have been recognized as Level-1 Tiger Conservation Unit (TCU). This is because they have adequate core areas and low poaching pressure. The name of this national park has been derived from the name of a small town, namely, Valmiki Nagar. The geographical terrain of this park is characterized by foothill ranges of Himalayan Siwaliks with mosaic of the cliffs, ridges, gorges, hills, streams, valleys, dense forests, open woodlands, grasslands, swamps and riverine fringe.
Flora of Valmiki National Park
Dun sal forest, dry Siwalik sal forest, west Gangetic moist mixed deciduous forest, Barringtonia swamp forest, eastern wet alluvial grassland, open-land vegetation, sub-mountainous semi-evergreen formation, freshwater swamps, alluvial grasslands and high hill savannah, etc comprise the flora of Valmiki National Park.
Fauna of Valmiki National Park
Mammals like tiger, rhinoceros, black bear and leopard; birds like tree pipit and ibises; reptiles like python; and butterflies like common mormon and great mormon, comprise the fauna of the national park.