(Last Updated on : 19/01/2017)
is located in the eastern part of India. It is the third-largest state in India by population and has an area of about 94,163 square kilometers. The ancient universities
of India like Nalanda Vikramashila
were located in this state, which primarily supported educational tourism
here. Bihar is rich in ancient monuments
, archaeological sites
, eco center and fairs and festivals
which draw a plethora of tourists here. Bihar is also blessed with a national park
called Valmiki National Park
. This national park is described below.
Valmiki National Park
Valmiki National Park is located in the Gange
tic Plains Bio-Geographic Zone, more specifically, in the West Champaran district
. This national park was notified in 1989 and is spread over a total area of about 335.65 square kilometers. Valmiki National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary
is the 18th Tiger
Reserve of the country. It is a part of a large tiger conservation landscape namely, the Royal Chitwan Tiger Conservation landscape. The Valmiki protected areas in India, along with two other protected regions have been recognized as Level-1 Tiger Conservation Unit (TCU). This is because they have adequate core areas and low poaching pressure. The name of this national park has been derived from the name of a small town, namely, Valmiki Nagar. The geographical terrain of this park is characterized by foothill ranges of Himalaya
with mosaic of the cliffs, ridges, gorges, hills, streams, valleys, dense forests, open wood
lands, grasslands, swamps and riverine fringe.
Flora of Valmiki National Park
Dun sal forest, dry Siwalik sal forest, west Gangetic moist mixed deciduous forest, Barringtonia swamp forest, eastern wet alluvial
grassland, open-land vegetation
, sub-mountainous semi-evergreen formation, freshwater swamps, alluvial grasslands and high hill savannah, etc comprise the flora of Valmiki National Park.
Fauna of Valmiki National Park
Mammals like tiger, rhinoceros
, black bear
and leopard; birds like tree pipit
es; reptiles like python
; and butterflies
like common mormon and great mormon, comprise the fauna of the national park.