Kolkata is the capital of West Bengal and the second largest city in India after Mumbai in Maharashtra. Kolkata is long known as the cultural capital of India. Kolkata continues to spawn generations of poets, writers, film producers like Satyajit Ray, Rituparno Ghosh, Tarun Majumdar and Nobel Prize winners like Rabindranath Tagore and Amartya Sen. Modern Kolkata was developed by the British East India Company after the decline of the independent Muslim rule in Bengal.
Bhubaneswar is the temple city of East India. It is the largest city in Odisha and is a centre of economic and religious importance in Eastern India. Although the modern city of Bhubaneswar was formally established only in 1948, the history of the areas in and around the present-day city can be traced to 1st century BC and earlier. The capital city of Odisha is known for temples like Lingaraja Temple, Rajarani Temple and Ananta Vasudeva Temple that date back a time sawing the waning of Buddhism and revival of Hinduism under the successive dynasties ruled Odisha.
Patna is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar. Patna is the second-largest city in eastern India after Kolkata. Patna was founded in 490 BC by the king of Magadha.
Ranchi is the capital of the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is the industrial capital city and the third most populous city of the state. Ranchi is dotted with many tourist sports like Hundru Falls, Jonha Falls, Panchghagh Falls, Hirni Falls and Dassam Falls. Ranchi has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under flagship of "Smart Cities Mission".
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