According to the population census in the year 2011, the town Jagtial had a population of 96,460. The total population of Jagital constitute 48,056 males, 48,404 females and 10,048 children, in the age group of 0 to 6 years. The average literacy rate of Jagital stands at 78.61 percent with 67,931 literates. This literacy rate is significantly higher than the national average rate of 73.00 percent.
The economy of Jagtial, the business town is purely based on commercial and retail consumer business. The town is considered to be a shopping centre for the surrounding towns and for North Telangana. Jagital also comprised of majority of the trading community conduct business related to groceries, clothing, pharmaceuticals, iron and hardware. In case of industrial imports, Jagtial, the shopping town of Telangana should import from Jammikunta, which is the only industrial city in the district of Karimnagar. This district of Karinmagar has the headquarter Karimnagar.
Jagital in Karimnagar District of Telangana is not only the centre of the commercial activities but also this town has the agro based industries. The farmers and peasants from the nearby rural communities sell their crop harvest and vegetables products in the Jagital market.
Jagtial is the centre of higher-education for its adjacent villages. There are Intermediate, Degree, Engineering, Medical, and Literature Colleges. Jagtial now acts as the hub of Campuses like Acharya Jayashankar Agricultural University, Agril. College, Agril, Polytechnic College, National Academy of Construction (NAC), Regional Agricultural Research Station, those located in Polasa (5 km from Jagtial) and Other Technical Campus like Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (JNTU) in Kondagattu village around 19 km from Jagtial.
Jagtial have state operated TSRTC bus depot with more than 150 buses for public transport. It is well connected by road network. This is major division in Karimnagar district. Telangana State Road Transport Corporation runs buses from Jagtial to Karimnagar, Nizamabad, Warangal, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Bhadrachalam, Tirupati, Vijayawada, Bengaluru, Pamuru etc. National Highway 16 passing through the town. Local transportation is autorickshaws. The Railway station location is Lingampet Village of Jagtial Mandal. The new Jagtial Karimnagar broad gauge railway line (nearly 49 km) was laid.
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