(Last Updated on : 04/03/2014)
Flora and fauna of Manipur exhibits tremendous variety. Manipur
is also known as "the jewel of India". The place exhibits magnificent natural beauty. Blue hills encircle the serene land of Manipur with valley at the centre having an oval shape. About 67 percent of the geographical area of the state comprises hilly terrain covered with forest. Since the state is located atop the hill ranges of varying altitude, the climatic conditions also vary from region to region. Mostly tropical and sub alpine climate prevails in the state.
Flora of Manipur
Manipur is picturesquely adorned with a vast variety of vibrant flora. The regions situated at a height of 900-2700 metres above sea level are rich in pine and wet forest. Other vegetations of Manipur include grasslands and meadows found in Dzuko and Siroi. A number of endangered and rare species of plants are also found in these forests. The place houses 500 varieties of orchids out of which only 472 varieties have been identified. Some of the most exotic and beautiful orchids as well as other blooms of the world also form the part of the flora of Manipur which are known worldwide for their enchanting fragrances and vibrant hues. Other plants of the state include succulent plants, epiphytes, phanerophytes and many more. Several endemic species of flora are especially cultivated in Manipur to preserve their variety. This land of dense forest and lush greenery also hosts Siroi lily which is considered as the only terrestrial lily which grows on the top of Siroi hill in Ukhrul
districts of the state host bamboo
Fauna of Manipur
The huge variety of flora of Manipur also serves as the home to a number of fauna species. Hoolock
Gibbon, Clouded Leopard
, Sloe Loris, Spotted Linshang, Barbacked Pheasant, Burmese Peafowl
, Blyths Tragopan etc are the common species found in Manipur. Four varieties of hornbills are also found here. The most unique member of the fauna of Manipur is the dancing deer, also known as Sangai. The Loktak Lake
of the state is known for its floating vegetation which supports a mass of Sangai, the endemic species of deer
. Sangai hold a dubious position as they are also considered to be the most threatened Cervid also known as Phumdi. Salamanders, also called as Lengwa, are also found in the foothill of Siroi in Ukhrul. Nong-in is identified as the state bird of Manipur.