(Last Updated on : 07/01/2014)
Bengali Poets of West Bengal
have a major contribution in enriching the cultural heritage of the state. Since ancient times, poets have worked for elevating the stature of Bengali literature
which has attained a glorious facet over time. Different time periods and social set ups have posed varied impacts on their literary works and their poetries in turn act as the apt reflections of the bygone eras. Poets of West Bengal have explored numerous genres and inculcated their experiences and perceptions in their works. The literary works of these poets are the invaluable assets of the state which find immense significance not only at the state level but also in the national arena of Indian literature.
Classical Bengali Poets of West Bengal
The early history of Bengali poetry underwent the three successive stages of development like the poetry of the early age (like Charyapada), the medieval period and the age of modern poetry. And there lies the Classical poets of Bengal carried out as a mirror of social culture.
was a renowned Bengali poet who had a major contribution to Dharmamangalkavya tradition of medieval Bengali literature. Born in Bardhaman district
, he had composed a number of poems which were characterized their simplicity and had scholastic narrations and a depiction of 17th century Bengali society. Vangiya Sahitya Parishad
and the University of Calcutta
still preserve the manuscripts of Chakrabarty's poem.
Syed Sultan was another classical Bengali poet belonging to 16th and 17th centuries. Epic Nabibangsha is regarded as his best work whereas others include Sobemeraj, Rasul Bijoy, Jaikum Rajar Lorai, Gyan Prodeep and many others.
was a saint and a Shakta poet of 18th century Bengal. Ramprasadi was the name given to his Bhakti poems which are dedicated to the Hindu Goddess Kali
. He is credited for beautifully amalgamating Baul music
with classical melodies. Being the member of a Tantric family, he had an inclination towards poetry since a small age and also became the court poet of the king Krishna Chandra of Nadia
Other Bengali Classical Poets of West Bengal
Other classical poets of West Bengal enlist Dhoyin, Sandhyakar Nandi, Vidyapati, Chandidas
, Krittibas Ojha
, Khelaram Chakrabarty, Akinchan Chakrabarty, Ghanaram Chakrabarty
, Daulat Qazi, Bharatchandra Ray
and many others.
Modern Bengali Poets of West Bengal
Modernism emerged with its insistent breaks with the immediate past, its different inventions, 'making it new' with element from cultures remote in time and space. The questions of impersonality and objectivity seem to be crucial to modernist poetry of Bengal. The modernism developed out of a cultural tradition of lyrical expression, emphasising the personal imagination, culture, emotions and memories of the poet. For the modernist poets in Bengal, it was an essential to move away from the merely personal elements towards an intellectual statement where the society, culture, and political elements are dominant.
Michael Madhusudan Dutt
Michael Madhusudan Dutt
was a well known poet of 19th-century and was a pioneer of Bengali drama
. His literary style and content was immensely exceptional and contained themes of afflictions of love and sorrows. He is celebrated as one of the greatest poets of Bengali literature and his poems reflect depiction of his homeland and the particular cultural phase.
Jasimuddin was another modern Bengali poet whose poems are known for the portrayal of rural life and the perceptions of nature from a rural point of view. Bengal folklore reflects prominently through his poetries. Some of his masterpieces, like Nokshi Kanthar Maath
, have also been translated into various languages.
was a famed poet and playwright, whose compositions were marked by rebel socialist thoughts, humanism and patriotism. During his lifetime, his poems gained huge acclamations but he was recognized as one of the most popular poets of Bengali literature in 20th century after his death. His communist experience had a great impact on his works.
was one of the greatest Bengali poets of the nation who rendered a new dimension to the literature with his works. This first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature had modernized Bengali art by unleashing it from the shackles of linguistic strictures and rigid classical forms. One of his compositions has been chosen as India national anthem, Jana Gana Mana.
Other Modern Poets of West Bengal
Other modern poets of West Bengal include Nabin Chandra Sen
, Dwijendra Lal Ray
, Jatindramohan Bagchi, Kazi Nazrul Islam
, Amiya Chakravarty, Buddhadev Bose
, Bishnu Dey, Ishwar Chandra Gupta
Hungryalist Bengali Poets of West Bengal
Hungryalist Movement was an Indian literary movement in Bengali language that focussed primarily on Bengali poetry and was launched by a group of young Bengali poets spearheaded by the famous Hungryalist quartet that is Malay Roy Choudhury, Samir Roy Choudhury, Shakti Chattopadhyay, and Debi Roy. The movement shook the roots of the Bengali literary and cultural establishment in India.
was an eminent poet of West Bengal and a founder member of Hungry Generation Movement
. His career began with his poems being published in magazines. He however left the movement later owing to the differences of opinion with other members.
Malay Roy Choudhury
Malay Roy Choudhury
was another founder member of Hungryalist Movement in the 1960s. His poems were the experimentations of a variety of genres and he has also authored almost 60 books after the launch of the movement. He has also been involved in the translation works of several classics. Since the time he had started writing poetries, Malay Roy Choudhury has been refusing awards from various periodicals.
Other Hungryalist Poets of West Bengal
Other Hungryalist poets of West Bengal enlist Binoy Majumdar, Samir Roy Choudhury
, Subimal Basak and Taslima Nasreen.
Metrical Bengali Poets of West Bengal
was another distinguished poet of West Bengal who was known as a humorous poet, playwright and story writer. His works were mainly for children and he was the most famed poet of this genre. He was also a leader of the reformist wing in the Brahmo Samaj
Motiur Rahman Mollik was the pioneer of the rightist poet in 1980s. Often regarded as the 'poet of renaissance', he has also worked as singer, editor, researcher, organizer and lyricist. Many of his works have been translated into different languages and have served as the textbooks of the young learners.