(Last Updated on : 09-04-2014)
Mineral Resources of the Surguja District
in actuality; projects the mineral belts of the region which are not only the mineral belts only but even the source of revenue earning for the district. Firstly the Upper catchments of river or Sitapur-Samri belt which is associated with eastern and south eastern part of the district. It is proliferated in Bauxite and some amount of Coal. Secondly Central-North Surguja
(Wadrafnagar-Pal-Pratappur-Surajpur-Ambikapur) belt. The reserve of coal, Pyritic minerals, Sulphur, Mica
Berylluiim, Byrites, Copper
, Galena are reported. Bishrampur, Bhatgaon, Tatapani, Ramkola, Lakhanpur and Basen are main coal fields. Some Fire-clay, Mica, Coal
, Galena, silmenite are also reported in Wadrafnagar on Uttar Pradesh
In the district of Surguja, Bauxite
deposits have been found in tertiary rocks from times immemorial. It is due to decay and weathering of aluminium rich rocks, Felspar usually kaoliniesd under the tropical monsoonal condition as the weathering goes a step further and result in residua rich in hydroxides of aluminium together with oxides of Iron
, manganese and titanium sufficient contraction of aluminium hydroxides, economic deposits of bauxite originates.
This process of 'Bauxitisation' as it is called thrives well on topographically elevated well drained plateaus of low relief. The recoverable reserves of bauxite in Surguja are 57.54 million tones, which is around 57% of total state reserve.
Out of 57.74 million tones, 42.21 million tones are under proved category, 13.56 million tones under probable category and remaining 1.76 million tones under are possible category. About 51 million tones of the total reserves are of metallurgical grade and the grade particular of 6 million tones are not known. The economical deposits are located at entire pat (local name given to plateau or pleatux) region of eastern and south eastern Surguja including Mainpat, Samari and Jamirapat. Mainpat Bauxite is of good and thickness varies from 4-5 meters. Chemical composition is Jamirapat & Samripat. Bauxite deposits of these areas are metallurgical grade I. These two major reserves are centred in Samri tahsil and adjacent plateaus - Jamripat, Jaranpat, Lahsunpat, Jonkapat and other small hill rocks.
Most of the coal in the Gondwana
is found in Barakar series. Coal as a solid stratified rock composed mainly of hydro carbon and capable of being used as a fuel to supply heat or light or both. The coal fields of Surguja belong to Gondwana coal fields. The coal of this area is of good quality stream and gas coals. The coal fields of Surguja can be classified as Middle Gondwana Coal Fields: Tatapani-Ramkola, Jhilmili and Sonhat
Coal Fields: Bisrampur, Bansar, Lakhanpur, Panchbhaini and Damha-munda.
Mahanadi River Basin