(Last Updated on : 12/02/2016)
Belapur Fort is and ancient hill fort that is located in Belapur Township in Navi Mumbai
in the state of Maharashtra
. The coordinates of the fortress are latitude 19.0055241°N and longitude 73.0284029°E. The structure has an elevation of almost 89 ft (27 m). It was built in 1560 by the Siddis of Janjira
. The construction of Belapur Fort was completed in 1570. Later it was occupied by the Portuguese and then by the army of Maratha Empire. Eventually the structure was conquered by the British East India Company
during the early 19th century. The strategic significance of Belapur Fort reduced to a great extent after the East India Company achieved political supremacy in the region and the development of the Bombay Presidency
History of Belapur Fort
The construction of Belapur Fort began in the year 1560 and ended in 1570. It was built by the Siddis of Janjira after they seized control of the region from the Portuguese. Later the Portuguese forces again occupied the fortress in 1682. However in 1733, the forces of the Maratha Empire
, under the leadership of Chimnaji Appa, took over the fort and the region by defeating the Portuguese.
The Maratha Empire reigned over the region of Belapur till June 1817. Afterwards, the territory and the fort were occupied by the army of the British East India Company, under the command of Captain Charles Gray. The British forces dismantled and demolished the structure to some extent because of their military policy of destroying any Maratha stronghold.
At present, Belapur Fort lies in a deplorable condition. It is under the jurisdiction of City and Industrial Development Corporation. The Government of India
is currently taking several steps to renovate the entire fort and develop the site as a tourist destination.
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