(Last Updated on : 07/09/2017)
Subhash Chandra Bose, affectionately known as Netaji was a fierce freedom fighter
and popular leader in the political scene in pre-independence
era with strong patriotism and great visionary ideas. He founded Indian National Army
(Azad Hind Fauj) to overthrow British Empire
from India. Subhash Chandra Bose strongly believed that India could achieve political freedom only if it had political, military and diplomatic support from outside.
Early Life of Subhash Chandra Bose
Subhash Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897 in an affluent Bengali family in Cuttack
. His father Jankinath Bose was a successful lawyer and mother Prabhavati Devi was a pious and religious lady. Subhash Chandra Bose was a brilliant student right from the childhood. He studied at Ravenshaw Collegiate School, Cuttack and topped the matriculation examination of Calcutta province. Later he graduated with a First Class in Philosophy
from Scottish Church College
. He was strongly influenced by Swami Vivekananda
and was known for his patriotic zeal as a student.
To please his father, Netaji went to England to appear for the Indian Civil Service
(I.C.S.) Examination, and achieved fourth place on the Merit list. But he had no intention of serving the British. Instead he wanted to participate in the Nationalist Movement and liberate his Motherland.
Subhash Chandra Bose in Freedom Struggle
Filled with patriotic zeal when Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose returned to India, he came under the influence of Mahatma Gandhi
and joined the Indian National Congress
. He actively participated in the youth wing. On Gandhijis instructions, he started working under Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das
, whom he later acknowledged his political guru. Soon he showed his leadership mettle and gained his way up in the Congress hierarchy.
Subhash Chandra Bose and Indian National Army
The Indian National Army was originally founded with Japans Indian prisoner of War by Captain Mohan Singh
in September 1942 headed by Rash Behari Bose
but were separated in December 1942 due to some disagreements between members of the organisation. However, the idea of a liberation army was revived with the arrival of Subhash Chandra Bose. In July 1943, Rash Behari Bose handed over control of the organisation to Subhash Chandra Bose. Boses most famous quote was "Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom!"
. In this, he urged the people of India to join him in the freedom struggle
against the British Raj. His other famous quotes "Delhi Chalo"
and "Jai Hind"
acted as words of motivation for the Indian National Army.
All India Forward Bloc
All India Forward Bloc (AIFB) is a regional political party founded by Subhash Chandra Bose. It is a revolutionary party that believed and propagated the concept of class struggle. It follows that a classless and stateless society can be achieved only through a socialist revolution which accepts Scientific Socialism as its primary objective.
Officially, Subhash Chandra Bose died in a plane crash over Taiwan, while flying to Tokyo on 18 August 1945. However, his body was never recovered. Many theories have been put forward concerning his possible survival.