It is surrounded on the north by the Birbhum and the Murshidabad districts, on the east by the Nadia District, on the southeast by the Hooghly District, on the southwest by the Bankura and the Purulia districts, and on the northwest by the state of Jharkhand. The district is divided into six sub-divisions, namely Asansol Sadar (North), Sadar (South), Durgapur, Kalna, and Katwa. It is one of the districts to have a 100% literacy rate.
The town of Bilpahari is home to 7786 people, as revealed in the 2001 census, with 55% males, 45% females and 15% children. Among the males 62% are literate while among the females, 42% are literate. This leads to a mean literacy rate of 53%, which is lower than the nationwide standard of 59.5%.
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