(Last Updated on : 16-06-2016)
Barbil is an administrative town in the Indian state of Odisha
. The administrative headquarters of the Kendujhar district
is in the city of Kendujhar.
Location of Barbil
Barbil is located between 21 degree 1 minutes North and 22 degree 10 minutes North latitude and 85 degree 11' E to 86 degree 22' E longitude. It covers an area of 8,240 square km.
Geography of Barbil
Barbil has a varied topography with waterfalls of different sizes and roaring gorges with rolling boulders extending onwards to the plains of Anandapur.
History of Barbil
One distinctive feature of Barbil is that it has one of the oldest rocks of the world, approximately 38,000 millions year old spreading over an area of 100 square km at Asanpat. It also has the oldest stone writing found in Odisha presumably belonging to the Gupta period
. In Sitabinj, there is the wall paintings in the cave shelter of Ravana Chhaya
which were most probably made during the 5th century A.D. The district is home to two main tribes. These are the Juangs and the Bhuyans. The district of Keonjhar has a plethora of mineral resources. There are huge deposits of iron, manganese and chrome ores. About 30% of the entire area of the district is filled with dense forests.
Demography of Barbil
Barbil has a total population of 52,586. Now in the year 2006 the population amounts to a total of over 1.2 lakhs. Males amount to 53% of the population and females make up 47%. Barbil has a mean literacy rate of 64%, higher than the nationwide average of 59.5%. 69% of the males and 59% of females are literate. 16% of the population is children below six years of age.
Education of Barbil
Barbil has a multi-ethnic culture due to the arrival of people from almost all states of India. The town has very good convent school known by the name of 'St. Mary's School'. The city of Barbil has 24 primary schools and seven high schools. There is also the Barbil College and mining school for offering higher education.
Economy of Barbil
Barbil is an industrially developed town with a great many plants, crushers and mines around. The area near Barbil has the fifth biggest deposit of iron ore and manganese ore in the whole world. It is a major revenue earner for both the central and the state government. From here, iron ore is also exported to China. Moreover, steel and liquid oxygen are also produced here.
Odisha, Indian state
Temples of Odisha
Tourism in Odisha
Tribes of Odisha
Konark Temple, Odisha
Architecture of Muktesvara Temple