Fasting is a regular ritual among the Jains which is observed at special times, during festivals, and also on holy days. A Jain may perform fasting any time if he or she feels that some mistakes have been committed. According to Jains, fasting helps in maintain self-discipline. There are different forms of fastings in Jainism. These are as follows:
• Partial fasting
• Vruti Sankshep
• Rasa Parityag
• Great fasts
• Chauvihar Upvas
• Digambar Upvas
• Swetambara Upvas
• Tivihar Upvas
Birth Ceremony in Jainism
Birth ceremony is associated with the rituals, actions or deeds performed after the birth of the child. These rituals are performed to inculcate cultural values in the new born child. Some rituals are also performed when the child is in the womb of the mother. After the birth of the child many other rituals are performed.
Marriage Ceremony holds a special place among the Jains and is governed by various traditional customs. Jain marriages are mainly conducted by the Jain pundits only. Before the actual wedding ceremony, pujas are conducted in the houses of the bride and the groom. On the day of the marriage, the groom arrives at the house of the bride and is welcomed by the bride’s brother. The bride arrives in the Mandapa and the Pandit initiates the puja. Different types of ceremonies are conducted during the marriage.
Death Rites in Jainism
Jains cremate the dead. Certain important rituals are performed before the cremation of the dead. The corpse is cleaned, placed in a bier and covered with a kafan. It is taken to the cremation ground. The final rites are performed by the elder son who walks round the pyre and sprinkles water all over the dead body. Finally he lights up the pyre and chants the Namokar Mantra. After these rituals the remains are put inside a hole.
|More ArticlesJain Customs (4)|