Historians have observed that Cheraman Perumal also refer to some kings of a particular dynasty. However it has been widely agreed that to is a title given to the kings of the second Chera dynasty in India who ruled present day Kerala and surrounding regions from 800 to 1102 AD. According to the German, Hermann Gundert has observed that the title "Cheraman" is the name of the dynasty of Chera.
Till the fifth century this region along with parts of the Nilgiri and Salem-Coimbatore region was ruled by the Chera kings. The following period witnessed a great upheaval in Kerala. This historical night continues until the early 8th century CE when the Kulashekharas arose who ruled Kerala until 1102 AD. The empire they built is called the Second Chera Empire. Its kings united Kerala into a single political unit from 800-1102 CE.
According to Keralolpathi, the Perumals were alien kings brought by the Brahmins of Kerala every 12 years to rule over the empire. It also gives a list of 24 such foreign Perumals.
The following are the Cheraman Perumals:
* Kulashekhara Varman (800-820 CE)
* Rajashekhara Varman (820-844 CE)
* Sthanu Ravi Varman (844-885 CE)
* Rama Varma Kulashekhara (885-917 CE)
* Goda Ravi Varma (917-944 CE)
* Indu Kotha Varma (944-962 CE)
* Bhaskara Ravi Varman I (962-1019 CE)
* Bhaskara Ravi Varman II (1019-1021 CE)
* Vira Kerala (1021-1028 CE)
* Rajasimha (1028-1043 CE)
* Bhaskara Ravi Varman III (1043-1082 CE)
* Rama Varma Kulashekhara (1090-1102 CE)
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(Last Updated on : 02-11-2011)
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