(Last Updated on : 27/04/2015)
Tarpu is a wind instrument quite similar to the Pungi. The Tarpo or Tarpu, as it is also known, is found mainly in Gujarat
. Here, instead of a small gourd, a larger variety Doodhia Bhopla (Marathi) is used as the air chamber. As in the Pungi there are two single reed pipes having three to five holes inserted into the gourd at the lower end. Further the tubes have a common funnel of wound Palmyra (tad) leaves, called Karna in Marathi Language
, which acts as a sound radiator. Incidentally, it may be suggested that the name of the instrument is itself derivable from tad, the leaves of which are used in making the funnel. The blowing is done in two ways: (a) from the end, where the top of the gourd is cut off and blown into, (b) from the side, where a hole is made in the side of the air reservoir and blown into with a small tube often inserted in the aperture to act as a mouthpiece.
There are two kinds of the Tarpo: the medium size is known as Ghogha (Marathi) and the larger one, sometimes of about two metres in length, as the Khongada (Marathi). In Gujarat, the smaller variety is often called the Dobru. While in Gujarat, it is found among the tribals of Balsar and Surat district
; in Maharashtra it is typical of the Vorli people. The months of Bhadrapad and Asvin (about September to October) when the rice is ready for reaping Vorli boys and girls gather to dance to the accompaniment of the Tarpo ensemble and competitions of Tarpo playing are held.
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