(Last Updated on : 02/04/2014)
Ghaziabad District is one of the five districts of the Meerut Division. Ghaziabad District is situated in the middle of Ganga-Yamuna doab of Uttar Pradesh. Ghaziabad, district headquarter, lies at latitude 28 degree 40 minutes north and longitude 77 degree 25 minutes east. It is located 19 kms east of Delhi
and 46 kms south-west of Meerut. As its boundary is adjacent to Delhi, it acts as the main entrance of Uttar Pradesh and that is why it is also called the 'Gateway of Uttar Pradesh'. In shape this district is roughly rectangular, its length is around 72 kms and its breadth is near about 37 kms. On the north it is bounded by the district of Meerut, on the south by Bulandshahr District
and Gautam Budh Nagar District and on the south-west by Delhi and on the east by the district Jyotiba Phule Nagar.
History of Ghaziabad District
History of Ghaziabad District states that initially Ghaziabad was a Tehsil of Meerut District. It was declared as an independent district on 14th of November 1976. From then Ghaziabad has moved forward leaps and bounds on the social, economic, agriculture and individual front. The place was founded in 1740 by Ghazi-ud-din. He named it 'Ghaziuddinnagar'.
Geography of Ghaziabad District
and Yamuna River
are the main rivers flowing through the district. Other than these there are some small rain fed rivers, prominent among them is Kali River
. Apart from these rivers Ganga Canal flows through the district and irrigation work is carried out through different branches of Canal. The Ganga canal also caters to the drinking water needs of the people of Ghaziabad as well as Delhi. Climate of Ghaziabad District is quite similar to Delhi. Monsoon arrives in the district during the end of the June or the first week of July and normally it lasts till October. As in other districts of northern India, this district mainly has three seasons - summer, winter and rainy.
Administration of Ghaziabad District
There is one municipal corporation (Ghaziabad) in Ghaziabad District and five municipal councils namely Muradnagar, Modinagar, Hapur, Garhmuketeshwar and Pilkhua. Administration of Ghaziabad District has includes four sub-divisions and these are Ghaziabad, Hapur, Modi Nagar and Garhmukteshwar. District Magistrate is the head of the administrative set-up of the district.
, Nag Panchami, Janmashtami
, Diwali, Shivaratri
, Shab-e-Barat, Id Ul Fitr
are some of the major festivals celebrated in Ghaziabad District.