(Last Updated on : 03-04-2014)
Geography of Auraiya District lies entirely in the Gangetic plain, but its physical features vary considerably and are determined by the rivers which cross it. The area of Etawah and Auraiya districts is divisible into four portions of district natural characteristics. The first of these run across it from west to east almost parallel to Yamuna River
; it includes the northern portions of tehsils Etawah
and Bharthana. The second tract comprises a slightly undulating switch of country covering portions of Etawah and Bharthana and the bulk of Auraiya Tehsil. The tract includes parts of some tehsils that adjoins the river Yamuna. Beyond the Yamuna, stretching from the borders of tehsil Bah in Agra
to the confluence of the Sindh River
, Kuwari, Chambal River
and Yamuna rivers, lies high and broken lands. These tracts differ from each other in a very marked degree though each presents general conformity within its own limits.
The average annual rainfall in the district is 792 mm. About 85 percent of the annual normal rainfall in Auraiya District is received during the south west monsoon months from June to September, August being the rainiest month. Further, after February there is a steady increase in temperature. May is generally the hottest month with the mean daily maximum temperature at about 42 degree Celsius and the mean daily minimum at about 26 degree Celsius. The nights are warmer in June than in May. Summer season is characterized with hot, dry and dust-laden westerly winds which make the weather severely trying. In this season maximum temperatures on individual days sometimes reach 46 degree Celsius or over. With the onset of the south-west monsoon around the third week of June there is appreciable drop in the day temperature and the weather becomes more bearable. But the nights still continue to be as warm as in the latter part of the summer. After the end of monsoon season by about the end of September there is a slight increase in the day temperature and there is a rapid drop in the night temperature. During the rainy season the relative humidity is generally high being over 70 percent. Thereafter the humidity decreases and by summer which is the driest part of the year the relative humidity in the afternoons become less than 30 percent. Winds are generally light and are mostly from directions between south-west and north-west.
The portion of Auraiya and Etawah districts jointly lying in the north of Yamuna presents no great changes of level. It may be described as a plain intersected by shallow river valleys formed by small streams such as the Ahneya, Sengar and Rind, sloping from north-west to south-east. In the Pachar and Ghar tracts the soils are broadly distinguishable into loamy, clayey and sandy. Besides these are found everywhere low-lying beds of clay in which water collects during the rains and rice alone can be grown; these clay beds are known as Jhabar. In the Kurka and trans-Yamuna tract several other classes of soil are found.
Geography of Auraiya District also includes several rivers and streams. The rivers and streams of the Auraiya and Etawah districts jointly consist of the Yamuna, Chambal and Kuwari and their tributaries. The general excellence of the natural drainage afforded by the rivers and their tributary streams and watercourses over the bulk of the district is exemplified by the general rarity of lakes and marshes.