(Last Updated on : 10/06/2017)
Osian or Osiyan is an ancient temple city
located in the Jodhpur District
This city is known as Khajuraho
Derivation of Osian
The city of pilgrimage tourism
was named 'Osian' after the legendary Scottish poet of the 3rd century. He was credited of being the author of ancient lines handed down from generation to generation by word of mouth.
Location of Osian
Osian located at about 69 kilometers from the main cities of Rajasthan
. The district headquarter is located at the north of Jodhpur
. It is reachable by a diversion off the main Jodhpur -Bikaner Highway
History of Osian
History of Osian dated from the time of Brahmanical
rule. The modern temple
town of Osian is famous for the presence of Brahmanical and Jain temples
. These temples are dated from the 8th to 11th centuries. Osian or Osiyan was a popular pilgrimage destination during the rule of the kingdom of Marwar and the Gurjara Pratihara dynasty
Osian can be traced back from the Gupta Empire
. The art
of the temples of Osian
were flourished in the later early era and the medieval era
. In the medieval era, when Prithviraj Chauhan
was defeated by the Muhommad Ghori
in the Battle of Tarain
, the Muslim
armies destroyed and plundered most of the temples. The famous Mahavira Temple
was built by Pratihara
King Vatsa Raja in 783 AD. Osian was described as an ornament of the Thar Desert in India
. In the olden times Osian was an important flourishing town. In 1846, William Craig, John Ogden and Squire La Fever laid out the town of Osian. The official incorporation date of the town was on March 14, 1850. It was at that time the trustees officially named the town.
Demography of Osian
According to the Population Census in the year 2011, Osian had the 12,452 inhabitants, out of which the 6,555 were male and 5,897 were female.
Culture of Osian
The people of Osian mostly follow the Jain culture
and Jain festivals
Economy of Osian
of Osian mostly follows the tourism. There is a power field that produces electricity to the temple town.
Tourism in Osian
Osian is a place of tourism
importance. Sachiya Mata Temple
, Osian temple, Oswal Jain temple, Pipplala Temples, Shiv Mandir, Lord Vishnu
Temple, Parshvanath Temple, Harihara temple and many more are the popular temples of Osian.
Osian is connected with the roadways and railways
from all the cities of Rajasthan
. For an outland tourist one needs to come at Bikaner
to get the train or bus or private taxis to Osian.