The coming of Aryans as well as non - Aryans also contributed to the Origin of Shaktism in India. The polytheistic, animistic belief of the non Aryans tribes contributed to the growth of Shaktism in the country. The popular religious cults of Shaivism, Shaktism, and Tantrism are associated with aboriginal forms of worship and other indigenous faiths which further flourished.
The important text of Shaktism is the Devi Mahatmya which was composed around 1,600 years ago. Other important texts include the Lalita Sahasranama, the Devi Gita, Adi Shankara's Saundaryalahari and the Tantras. The earliest Mother Goddess that was unearthed in India which was near Allahabad belongs to the Upper Paleolithic dating back to 20,000 - 23,000 BCE.
Shaktism is the worship of Goddess Shakti in all her forms, the goddess are represented in a gentle or fierce way. She is believed to be the one who can lead a devotee to salvation. Moreover, she is considered the motivating force of all actions in the cosmos. Mysticism is the ritual identification with Shiva and Shakti, or it is the identification of the devotee with the goddess as creator of the universe. In Shakta Bhakti, the goddess oversees the universe, and controls both creation and destruction. Origin of Shaktism in India is believed to be in the Vedic Age. According to Hindu Epics, Shaktism further evolved during the determining period of the Hindu epics. During the Gupta Age Shaktism developed and expanded.
These philosophies and rituals have evolved in the northern subcontinent. Goddess focused tradition was even expanding from the Dravidian civilizations of south India. The female Principle cult was a major aspect of the Dravidian religion. Eventually female deities came to be identified with the Goddess Parvati, Durga or Kali.
The follower of Shaktism is termed as Shakta, the follower makes uses of chants, magic, holy diagrams, yoga postures and other rituals to summon the cosmic forces and awaken the 'Kundalini' power, which is a psycho-spiritual power residing in a latent form in the human spine.
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