Christianity took definite shape as a religion at the hands of St. Paul who explained and interpreted the message of Jesus with the help of his own wide range of knowledge and expanded the religion to the far ends of the then Roman empire. Both St. Paul and St. Peter look upon Christianity as a universal religion open to all nations.
Birth of Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ was born perhaps in the 4th century B.C on 25th December in Bethlehem. He was born in the reign of Augustus Caesar. Christ came to earth with hope to the poor shepherds for redemption and salvation from the suffering and the promise of eternal peace. Jesus is believed by the followers as the ‘Holy Son of God’. Christianity originated from the religion Judaism, Jesus was essentially a Jew by birth.
Spread of Christianity
During the Origin of Christianity, Jesus had a few disciples or apostles who functioned as the leaders of his cause. According to the history of Christianity, Lord Jesus established the church when he was here on earth. He left us His Last testament, the New Testament in the Bible to follow after His death and resurrection. Thus, the Christians derive their inspiration from the 39 books comprising the Old Testament, but much more from the 27 books comprising the New Testament. In India, the Origin of Christianity can be associated with the coming of the Portuguese and the apostles of St. Thomas.
Teachings of Jesus Christ
According to Jesus, all men in this earth were the sons of the Father or the Almighty. He preached the equality of men before God because God does not judge persons. Lord Jesus protested against the hypocrisy of the Pharisees who forgetting their own faults try to find faults with others.
Origin of Christianity communicates that Lord Jesus taught the conquest of passion, inner purity of heart and conscience, equality of all men before the eye of God and love, which fulfils all the laws of morality. In addition to that Jesus taught a life of love, service to all fellowmen with the utmost sincerity of heart, which was a truly universal way of life. According the teachings of Jesus, God is the one who makes no distinction between the sinner and pious, between the righteous and unrighteous.
Jesus wanted to play the role of the reformer, but his teaching gave birth to a new religion and he was treated as the founder and prophet of that religion. Thus, this third largest religion in the World was spread far and wide.