Indian orchids are divided into two basic growth types, namely Monopodial and Sympodial. Monopodial orchids possess a central stem, which grows continuously from the tip. They have no Pseudobulbs, but grow from the crown of the plant. Flowers are produced from the Orchid plant stem between the leaves, usually growing alternately from side to side. Sympodial orchids possess a rhizome and a shoot comes out of it. Cattleya, Dendrobium, Epidendrum, Miltonia, Vandaceous and Phalaenopsis are the most common orchids found in India.
Several varieties of the Indian Roses are found, including white rose, red rose, pink rose, maroon rose, yellow rose, orange rose and black rose. It has thorn on its stems and the cane has leaves and bud eyes. Roses are found in almost all the parts of India and are widely grown in the Valley of Flowers and Mahim Nature Park. Cat's Tail, Bougainvillea, Bleeding Heart, Ixora, Hydrangea, Fire Cracker, Jasmine, Oleander and Pentas are some of the most common flowering and ornamental trees growing in India.
Indian Annual Plants
Indian Annual Plantsmostly utilised as decorative plants in gardens and are also used for various ornamental purposes in functions or interiors of home. These are generally seasonal flowering plants that flower for a duration of three to four months in a year.
The exotic and natural beauty of the Flowering and ornamental trees in India has always captivated the travellers and tourists from across the world. There are around 15,000 flowering plant species in India. The Northeast India has the copious growth of orchids and marigold plants. Spring and summer are considered to be the best time to visit India as flowers are in full boom during these seasons to welcome the visitors with the burst of colours.
Most of the Flowering and ornamental trees in India are used for several purposes such as for decoration, for medical purposes and so on. The scented flower plants of India add charm to the natural beauty of the country. Bougainvillea, Rose, Jasmine, Orchid, and Lotus are some of the popular flowering plants that ornament the nature of this country profusely.