Historical monuments in Andhra Pradesh
A sense of manoeuvre, mystery and romance is present behind the creation of these monuments of Andhra Pradesh. Few of the renowned monuments in the state are Charminar, Chandragiri Fort, Golconda Fort, Chowmahalla Palace; Falaknuma Palace etc.
Immadi Narasimha Yadvaraya constructed Chandragiri Fort located in Chandragiri in 1,000 AD. This fort was constructed on a hill of 183 m height. A wall encloses the southern side of the fort. The major portion of the building is famous as Raj Mahal or the Chandragiri Mahal. Its upper portion is brickwork while the lower end is constructed with stones. The present day Chandragiri city lies to the eastern side of the fort.
Another major monument of Andhra Pradesh is the Bhongir Fort located on a single hill at Bhongir at an altitude of 500 feet. The rulers of Chalukya Dynasty of that province constructed this fort in the 12th century over an area of 40 acres. The presence of trap doors, stables, underground chamber, a moat, and ponds surrounding the fort make a mesmerizing look.
Charminar monument in Hyderabad is another important monument of Andhra Pradesh. It is a wonderful creation of Islamic architecture during the Muslim rule. It is a magnificent edifice of granite, constructed on four arches on four sides. These arches support the gallery and the floor of the monument. There are 24 meter high minarets on each corner of this structure. Due to the presence of these minarets, the overall height of the monument becomes 54 meter. Each minaret or minar is created on a base of lotus leaf. It was named as Charminar due to the presence of its four minarets.
Another famous monument of Andhra Pradesh is named as Golconda Fort. Located in Hyderabad, the fort represents the greatest architecture of the ancient Kakatiyas dynasty of the Andhra Pradesh. This fort was rebuilt by Qutb Shahis in the 16th century. It is famous for its palaces, water supply system and Fateh Rahben Gun.
Triumala Venkateswara Temple
This is the richest temple of the world. This temple is built for Lord Venkateswara and it is one of the most visited shrines in the world. There is no concrete proof for when this temple was built. There are indications about this temple in architectures that were written in 300 AD.
This is a palace that was built in 19th century in today’s Hyderabad. Falaknuma Palace is a hill palace that is built about 2000 feet above the sea level. It is built in Italian style and is one of unique structures in the state.
These tombs are the graveyards of notable people in Nizam’s court. Each tomb has eulogy on an iron plaque. These tombs were buried in 18th century and were discovered very recently. These tombs are artistic and have a perfect design that attracts those who love architecture.
This fort in Warangal was built in 13th century by Kakatiya kings. It is a large fort with four stone gateways. The fort is replete with a lot of sculptures of unique styles. It has a rock garden, musical garden, university campus, an archaeological museum, Laknavaram lake and a planetarium.
This fort is located in Kondapalli which is a little away from Vijayawada. It was built in 14th century for strengthening the defense of the city. There are a lot of structures inside this fort like Daragh, queen palace and others.
Kala Thoranam is an arched gateway built by Kakatiya kingdom in Warangal. It is an historic arch built during the 12th century. There were four gateways that led to a temple. Most of it has been destroyed in Muslim invasion during the 14th century.
Thousand Pillar temple
Thousand Pillar temple is a historic Hindu temple that was built by the Kakatiyas in the 12th century. It stands as an architectural marvel in Warangal. There are 1000 pillars in this temple and none would intersect the view of main idol of the temple.
Hill fort of Madakasira
This is an 18th century hill fort which is built in a horse shoe shape. It is made with massive stones and rocks and has ornamental bricks and plaster in Saracenic style.