(Last Updated on : 11/12/2013)
Santhali dance is a popular folk dance
practiced by Santhal tribes
. This dance form has attained popularity all across India and also has been featured in many reputed Bengali cinemas
like 'Agantuk' by Satyajit Ray
This folk dance not only projects the culture or traditions of the local tribes
but also showcases the strength of unity.
Performance of Santhali Dance
Santhali dance is performed in group. It is very similar to the bamboo
folk dance of Assam
. Through this dance form, the dancers express one's feelings, some story, issues or any other event.
Santhal dance is generally performed by both the men and women. The dancers form a circle or semi-circle. The male and female dancers dance in separate rows in sequence with their arms interlocked. While dancing they make various cluster formations. The dance is accompanied by various instruments such as flutes
, drums, pipes and cymbals
. The musicians who play these instruments make the colourful environment of the festival more charming and attractive. Moreover, the singers also put the right chord with the rhythm.
Santhali dance is primarily performed on special occasions, especially during spring festival, accompanied by a traditional song. It often takes place within forested areas and depicts a kind of dedication to the forest Gods
. It is also practiced to welcome guests.
Costumes of Santhali Dance
The male dancers wear dhoti
, and decorate their bodies with branches of trees, leaves and flowers
. Since the Santhals are believed to be close to nature, they use natural decors such as leaves, branches and flowers to do their make-up and design their clothes. The women dancers usually wear white or yellow sarees
with red borders and adorn their hair with wild flowers
. The length of the saree is about three inches above the heel. The colourful costumes worn by the tribal people happen to be the main attraction of the Santhali dance in Jharkhand.
Santhali Dance is Popular among the Tourists
Thousands of people visit Jharkhand to catch a glance of this Santhali dance. The numbers of audience are more during the spring season, since during this time, the Santhals celebrate the spring festival where they perform the folk dance.
Santhal dance of Jharkhand is very popular among the tourists. Researchers are working on this form of dance to derive information about their origin, significance and other related aspects.