Atharva Veda compares the opulence of Ayodhya to that of the glory and splendour of the Swargaor Paradise. Indraprastha has been elaborately described in the great epic Mahabharata. The conflict between the Pandavas and Kauravas of Mahabharata generated with regard to the inheritance of the kingdom of Indraprastha. Indraprastha was one of the ancient India cities and also the capital of the Pandavas of Mahabharata. The city was situated by the side of the Yamuna River and also in close proximity to the modern national capital of Delhi.
The difference between the Pandavas and the Kauravas generating from the game of dice, led to the battle of Kurukshetra. The Kurukshetra war was fought between the Pandavas and Kauravas, a vital part of the epic Mahabharata. As per this epic, a dynastic fight involving the Pandavas and the Kauravas for Hastinapura resulted in fierce battle in which a large number of ancient kingdoms took part as allies of the rival clans. The battle field was situated in Haryana, one of the modern states of India. Another myth is the Lakshagriha where Duryodhana wanted to set fire and kill the Pandavas.
In the epic of Ramayana, Manu established the primitive city of Ayodhya. For centuries, Ayodhya stayed as the capital of the Surya Dynasty. Lord Rama was born to this dynasty as the 7th avatar or incarnation of Lord Vishnu. It has been mentioned in the Atharvaveda that Ayodhya is a city which was constructed by gods. There is another set of folklores which links the landscape of Hampi with Ramayana. The monkey kingdom of Kishkinda is exhibited as the place around Hampi. Anjayaneya Hill, situated across the Tungabhadra River, is considered to be the place where Lord Hanumanwas born. As per myth, the Hemakuta Hill in Hampi is believed to be the place where Lord Shiva did his penance before his marriage to Pampa.
Lanka was the name of the capital of the demon king Ravana in the epic Ramayana.
Lord Vishwakarma, the divine carpenter and master craftsman, is believed to have designed the weapons of the gods and constructed their chariots and cities. He is also considered to have created the mythical city of Lanka and also the image of Lord Jagannath in the district of Puri in Orissa. He is believed to have revealed the sciences of mechanics and architecture to men and is also the workman's patron deity.
(Last Updated on : 29-10-2009)