(Last Updated on : 19-12-2018)
Machilipatnam is a port city located in the Krishna district
of the southern state of India, Andhra Pradesh
. It is located in the southeast of Vijaywada
at a distance of 70 km. and is the administrative headquarters of the Krishna district. Situated on one of the mouths of the river Krishna at the Bay of Bengal
this port city was a trading center for French
in the 17th century. Geographically, the city is located between 16.17 ° North latitude and 81.13 ° East longitude at a height of 14 meters (45 feet) above mean sea level.
History of Machilipatnam
Formerly Machilipatnam was known as Masulipatnam and was one of the foremost British colonies in India. As a matter of fact, it was the first trading post on the Coromandel Coast
of the British East India Company
. The town gets its name from the gateway of the Dutch tombs, which are decorated, with the eyes of a fish. The Dutch tombs also contain carved instructions from 1649 to 1725.
Demography of Machilipatnam
According to the Indian Census report published in 2001, Machilipatnam had a population of 183, 370. Males and females account for an equal proportion of the population. In Machilipatnam, 10% of the population is less than six years of age. The average literacy rate of Machilipatnam is 69%, which is higher than the national average literacy rate, which is 59.5%. To be specific, the male literacy rate is 73% and the female literacy rate is 65%.
Climate of Machilipatnam
Machilipatnam has a tropical climate with hot summers and moderate winters. April and June are the hottest months. It gets an annual rainfall of 959 millimeters due to the southwest monsoon
. Cyclones frequently visit Machilipatnam, which originate from the Bay of Bengal.
Economy of Machilipatnam
The city has a flourishing economy, and houses one big and several small industries
. Bharat Electronics
Limited (BEL) a unit of the Union Defence Ministry
has a manufacturing unit there. It has a medium fishing
harbor that can hold 350 fishing vessels. It also has a carpet weaving industry. Agriculture
is an important occupation of the people living there and the main crop
cultivated here is paddy. Machilipatnam is famous for its Kalamkari textiles
and paintings created using vegetable
dye. It is also known for its block printed silk
and cotton sarees<
/b>, upholstery, sling bags and dresses
Tourism in Machilipatnam
There are several tourist places around Machilipatnam. The Manginapudi Beach
, located at a distance of 10 km, is well known for its scenic beauty. The Panduranga Swamy Temple
at Chilakalapudi close to the beach
is a popular pilgrimage
destination. Some other tourist places of Machilipatnam are Lighthouse, Temples
of Lord Shiva
, Dattashram, Machilipatnam Church
, Sai Maharaja Devalayam etc.
Visiting Information to Machilipatnam
Machilipatnam railway station
and Vijayawada airport
are the nearest to this place. Machilipatnam can also be reached by road via National Highway