Without knowing the demographical situation , it becomes impossible to know more about the city further. The Asansol-Durgapur region consisted of 'undulating' laterite soil. This region is situated between two mighty rivers, namely, the Damodar and the Ajay. They run generally parallel to each other in the region - the average distance between the two rivers is near about thirty kilometers. For several years the area was densely afforested. Only recently, with the discovery of coal, most of the forests have been cleared die to development industrialization. It is only natural that the Harishpur town follows the same topographical status. Today, as per the opinion of many of the geographers the Harishpur town is a hub of industrial growth and development . According to them , it is due to its integrity with the Durgapur subdivision . Thus over the years, there has been growth of various factories like steel, metal, cement industries etc in the whole of the area.
Demographical situation too have thrown some light about the status of the city of Harishpur. According to the Census report of India that has been brought out in the year 2001, the total population of the Harishpur has been enumerated to be 8401. In Harishpur, 13% of the total population is below six years of age. To be specific males comprises of 55 percent of the total population and females comprises of 45 percent. Literacy rate too add on to some information about the city of Harishpur. Average literacy rate is lower than the average literacy of the entire nation. Average literacy rate of Harishpur is 57 percent and 59.5 percent is the average literacy rate of the entire nation. Precisely, male literacy rate constitutes of 66 percent, and female literacy rate is 46 percent.
As far as the education of the people of Harishpur is concerned, it has been noted that it has got only a single primary school there.
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