(Last Updated on : 23/01/2018)
Toda Tribe is one of the original tribal
communities who had resided in the rugged provinces of the Nilgiris
. Karnataka is an abode of Toda tribal community who are dotted in every bend of the region. Apart from Karnataka
, these Toda tribal communities
can also be found in several other state
of the Indian Territory. The rapid communication
with the modern world brought about several changes in the lifestyle of this community. Areas where these Toda tribes make dwell are integrated to the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
, a UNESCO famed International Biosphere Reserve
Origin of Toda Tribe
The origin of the Toda tribal community has got a history behind it. The Toda tribal community has established their settlements and lives cordially with other tribal communities like the Badaga
The earliest record about them dates back to about 1117 AD when a ruler of Karnataka came to the Nilgiris and dedicated the highest peak
in the area to the Goddess Lakshmi
. They were still there in 1602 AD when a Portuguese Roman Catholic priest from Kolkata
visited them. Interest in them was revived about 200 years later when the British
reached the Nilgiris.
Society of Toda Tribe
The society of Toda tribe is very well knit. Birth, marriage
and cremation have separate norms. All these norms are strictly followed by the Toda tribe of the Nilgiris. It is a close-knit society where no discrimination is followed. The Toda tribal community converse with each other in the Toda language
. This language has a belonging in the famous Dravidian language
The Toda Tribes are seen as a pastoral tribe who herd buffaloes that roam around the Nilgiri hills. Their way of living is simple and with their flowing beards, long hair, fine bodies and tall sticks in hand; they resemble the prophets of the Old Testament. The Toda tribes judge time by the opening of the evening primrose which they call the 6 Oclock Flower.
Religion of Toda Tribe
Like most of the tribal communities of Indian subcontinent, the Toda tribal community has got huge inclination towards religion
and spiritualism. This Toda tribal community worships their dairy-buffaloes with lots of veneration. Besides this, the Toda tribal community has a plethora of Gods
. Kona Shastra is the sole religious occasion, which deals with yearly sacrifice of a male buffalo calf.
Occupation of Toda Tribe
As far as the occupations
of this Toda tribal community is concerned, maximum of these Toda tribes have taken up the occupations of cattle rearing and dairy farming. Most of the members have huge herd of buffaloes. This Toda tribal community sustains their livelihood from milk products
. Toda tribes have also developed expertise in silver smiting.