(Last Updated on : 18-07-2014)
Sarnath is one of the most beautiful sites in the world & sacred where the Buddha
delivered his first sermon, which was the introduction of Buddhism. The Lion Capital on top of one of pillar, which is recognized as the National Emblem of India
, is from Sarnath
. Along with it, several other Buddhist structures were raised at Sarnath that represents today the most expansive ruins amongst places on the Buddhist trail.
The main structure of the place has been enclosed and marked with the presence of a labyrinth or complex structure of monasteries that are in half-ruined condition stupas. But from all, the building that attracts the attention of viewer is the Dhamek Stupa. Dhamekh Stupa is known for particular significance at Sarnath as it signifies the "seat of the holy Buddha", after he proclaimed his faith. Believed to be constructed 5th to 6th century & significantly shows the spot where the Buddha gave his first sermon. It is a cylindrical tower of around 30 meters high with a solid structure. But the sculptural beauty is maintained with all the architectural techniques. The trunk of the stupa is decorated using panels carved with geometric and floral designs.
Another ruined stupa of named the Dharmarajika Stupa is believed to have been built by Emperor Ashoka. It is situated at the west of Dhamek Stupa & built in third century BC. And in its architectural settings, within its solid hemispherical mound a casket of funerary relics was found.
Even the structure of Mulgandhakuti temple, the chief shrine of the Buddha, about 61mtrs high was erected during the Gupta period in the 4th-6th century A.D. this place is of a lot of significance because when Buddha was in Sarnath, he had rested and meditated here.
The Ashoka Pillar commemorates King Ashoka's visit in Sarnath, who laid the foundation of the Buddhist Sangha here. The Lion Capital of Sarnath is certainly the excellent specimen of Mauryan art. The sculptures in stone pillars found at Sarnath or Allahabad
, Merut, Kausambi
, Sankisa and Varanasi
advocates the excellence art of Mauryan.