(Last Updated on : 13/06/2014)
The cities of Punjab
are agriculturally well suited for growing various crops like wheat, rice
, sugar cane as well as fruits and vegetables, earning for Punjab the nickname of "Granary of India" or "India`s bread-basket." The cities have a rich culture of self-dependence, self-reliance and hard work. The state of Punjab in western India is one of the most fertile regions on earth.
The Cities of Punjab bear traces of the historical heroism during Alexander the Great`s invasion. The state is the location of one of the world`s foremost and oldest civilizations, the Indus Valley Civilization
. The main religion is Sikhism
and the main language spoken is Punjabi language
The important cities of the state are Chandigarh
, Ferozpur, Jalandhar, Patiala
Chandigarh is the capital city of Punjab and Haryana
. Chandigarh is the first planned city of India.
Chandigarh is the base to numerous architectural projects of Le Corbusier, Pierre Jeanneret, Matthew Nowicki, and Albert Mayer. This city is considered as the cleanest city in India. Most of this city is covered by dense Banyan tree
and Eucalyptus plantations. Asoka
, Cassia, Mulberry and other trees flourish in the forested ecosystem. Chandigarh has the largest number of vehicles per capita in India. There are many display gardens across the city, comprising the Rock Garden that is built from mostly from waste material and the Rose
Garden. Other gardens include Garden of Annuals, Fragrance Garden, Hibiscus Garden, Chrysanthemum Garden, Botanical Gardens
and Shanti Kunj.
Amritsar is another important city of this state. This place is quite famous among the global travellers for the dazzling Golden Temple. This city also has historical value as the Jalianwalabagh Massacre
took place in this city.
Patiala is home town of many eminent personalities like cricketers Navjot Singh Sidhu
, Mohinder Amarnath
, Reetinder Singh Sodhi
, Bollywood Stars Jimmy Shergill, Om Puri, Punjabi Singer Harbhajan Mann, Jet Airways Chairman Naresh Goyal and Sq Leader Rakesh Sharma, the first Indian in space.
Gurdaspur is another important city of Punjab. Bathinda is home to two modern thermal power plants, Guru Nanak
Dev Thermal Plant in the city and the other one, Guru Hargobind Thermal Plant at Lehra Mohabbat. This city has one of the famous food grain and cotton market in northern India. Bathinda has a rich religious and cultural heritage.