(Last Updated on : 25/06/2015)
Cities of Punjab
are agriculturally well suited for growing various crops like wheat, rice
, sugar cane as well as fruits and vegetables, earning for Punjab the nickname of "Granary of India" or "India's bread-basket." The cities have a rich culture of self-dependence, self-reliance and hard work. The state of Punjab in western India is one of the most fertile regions on earth. The Cities of Punjab bear traces of the historical heroism during Alexander the Great's invasion. The state is the location of one of the world's foremost and oldest civilizations, the Indus Valley Civilization
. The main religion is Sikhism
and the main language spoken is Punjabi language
The important cities of Punjab are Chandigarh
, Ferozpur, Jalandhar, Patiala
, Rajpura, Barnala
, Muktasar, Phagwara, Khanna, Malerkotla, Abohar, Moga, Batala and Hoshiarpur.
Amritsar is another important city of this state. This place is quite famous among the global travellers for the dazzling Golden Temple. This city also has historical value as the Jalianwalabagh Massacre
took place in this city.
Chandigarh is the capital city of Punjab and Haryana
. Chandigarh is the first planned city of India. Chandigarh is the base to numerous architectural projects of Le Corbusier, Pierre Jeanneret, Matthew Nowicki and Albert Mayer. This city is considered as the cleanest city in India. Most of this city is covered by dense Banyan tree
and Eucalyptus plantations. Asoka
, Cassia, Mulberry and other trees flourish in the forested ecosystem. Chandigarh has the largest number of vehicles per capita in India. There are many display gardens across the city, comprising the Rock Garden that is built mostly from waste material and the Rose
Garden. Other gardens include Garden of Annuals, Fragrance Garden, Hibiscus Garden, Chrysanthemum Garden, Botanical Gardens
and Shanti Kunj.
is another important city of Punjab. Bathinda is home to two modern thermal power plants, Guru Nanak
Dev Thermal Plant in the city and the other one, Guru Hargobind Thermal Plant at Lehra Mohabbat. This city has one of the famous food grain and cotton market in northern India.
is a city on the banks of the Sutlej River in Firozpur District. It was founded by Sultan Firoz Shah Tughluq (1351–88), a Muslim ruler of the Tughluq Dynasty, who reigned over the Sultanate of Delhi from 1351 to 1388. Firozpur today is an administrative and transportation center. Firozpur is called the land of martyrs. After partition of India in 1947, it became a border town on the Indo-Pakistan border with memorials of India's freedom fighters. Firozpur also holds a historic place in Indian history as it was from here that British Government of India established control over much of North-West India as well as what is now Pakistan through the Anglo-Sikh Wars that were fought in this region. Firozpur Cantonment is adjacent to and south of the city; during British times it was one of the largest cantonments in the country. Even today it is the headquarters of a division of the Western Command of the Indian Army.
is one of the 22 districts in the state of Punjab in North-West Republic of India. The capital is Jalandhar City. Nawanshahr district excluding the Balachaur sub-division was part of the original Jalandhar district until the mid-1990s when a separate district of Nawanshahr was created including Nawanshahr and Banga areas of Jalandhar district and Balachaur area of Hoshiarpur district.
is a city in south-eastern Punjab. It is the fourth largest city in the state and is the administrative capital of Patiala district
. Patiala is located around the Qila Mubarak (the Fortunate Castle). It was constructed by militiamen Sardar Lakhna and Baba Ala Singh in 1763.
is a city and a municipal corporation in Ludhiana district in the Indian state of Punjab, and is the largest city of north of New Delhi. The population increases substantially during the harvesting season due to the migration of labourers from the eastern states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha and Delhi. It has an area of about 3767 square km. The city stands on the Sutlej River's old bank, 13 km south of its present course. It is a major industrial centre of northern India, and was referred to as India's Manchester by the BBC.
is a Municipal Corporation in the Indian state of Punjab. In 2011 it became the capital of Pathankot district in Punjab, India. The name Pathankot comes from Pathania Rajput, who was the king of Nurpur. Pathankot was the capital of Nurpur prior to 1849. Pathankot is at the meeting point of the three northern states of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir. Due to its ideal location, Pathankot serves as a travel hub for the three northerly states. Pathankot is the 6 most populous cities in the state of Punjab, situated in the foothills of Kangra and Dalhousie, with the river Chakki flowing close by, the city is often used as a rest-stop before heading into the mountains of Jammu and Kashmir, Dalhousie, Chamba and Kangra.
, named after the Bhati kings, is one of the oldest cities in Punjab and the current administrative headquarters of Bathinda District
. It is in north western India in the Malwa Region, 225 km west of the capital city of Chandigarh and is the fifth largest city of Punjab. Bathinda is nicknamed the 'City of Lakes', courtesy of the artificial lakes in the city, and was once known as Tabar-e-Hind (or Tabarhindh), meaning the Gateway to India. The first empress of India, Raziya Sultan in Islam rule was imprisoned in the Qila Mubarak fort in Bathinda
is a city and a municipal council in Moga district in Punjab.
Mohali is a city which is a commercial hub lying adjacent to the city of Chandigarh in Punjab. It is administrative headquarters of Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar District. It is still known and popular, as Mohali among local people and other parts of India.
is the eighth-largest city in the state of Punjab, India, in terms of population, after Ludhiana, Amritsar, Jalandhar, Patiala, Bhatinda, Mohali and Hoshiarpur. It is an A-grade municipal council in Gurdaspur District in the state of Punjab. It is located about 32 km from Gurdaspur, the headquarters of the district.
is a city in the Indian state of Punjab. Moga became part and headquarters of 17th District in the state, Moga district of Punjab state on 24th day of November 1995. Before this, Moga was a part of Faridkot District
as a tehsil. Moga town is situated on the National Highway 95 (NH-95 Ferozpur-Ludhiana road). The area of Dharamkot block with 150 villages has been merged into Moga district, which falls under the jurisdiction of Ferozpur division.
Abohar is a municipal committee in Fazilka state of Punjab, north east of Sri Ganganagar and south east of Fazilka.
is a city and a municipal council in Sangrur District
in Punjab. It was the seat of the eponymous princely state during the British Government of India. The state acceded unto the union of India in 1947 and was merged with other nearby princely states to create the Patiala and East Punjab States' Union (PEPSU).
Khanna has the largest grain market in Asia, followed by the grain market of Rajpura (Punjab). Khanna is an ancient town which came into existence 500 years back.