(Last Updated on : 06/05/2017)
Batala is a municipal council and the city in the district of Gurdaspur
. Batala was earlier known as the "Iron Bird of Asia" as maximum quantity of C.I. Casting, mechanical and agricultural machinery was produced here. There are numerous gurdwaras
, associated with Guru Nanaks marriage have been established here, which attracts several pilgrims from all over the country. On the marriage anniversary of Guru Nanak, an annual celebration is conducted.
Location of Batala
Batala is situated around 30 km away from Gurdaspur. Batala city is also very important to the Sikh devotees and a popular pilgrimage site.
History of Batala
Batala was founded by Raja Ram Deo, a Bhati Rajput
, in 1465 AD. It was founded during the rule of Bahlul Lodi
, on a piece of land donated by Tatar Khan, the Governor of Lahore. Later Shamsher Khan received the area in Jagir from Akbar
, during the Mughal period. The city of Batala, encompassed within a fort, developed and flourished under him. In 1485, the founder of the Sikh religion
, Guru Nanak
Dev was married to the daughter of Mul Chand Chauna, Sulakhni, in Batala.
Economy of Batala
The city of Batala is an industrial centre and agricultural marketplace. Even now it is one of the chief regions in northern India that manufactures C.I. Casting, mechanical and agricultural machinery. The area is also well developed in sugar refining, weaving
ginning and manufacturing of various products.
Tourism in Batala
Batala had 12 major gates that served as entrance and exit, to and from the city. The gates are still popular by their original names, like Ohri Gate, Sheran wala Gate, Bhandari Gate, Thathiari Gate, Khajuri Gate etc. Batala was included in the Indian state of Punjab during the political integration of the nation. The other places with historical significance in Batala the Gurdwaras, where Guru Nanak resided during the course of his life.
One of the prime tourist spots is the Jal Mahal and Maharaja Sher Singh's palace, which were constructed by the king. The palace and Jal Mahal are inter-connected by an underground tunnel. Hazira is another popular place in Batala, which was built by Shamsher Khan. The tomb of Hazira is erected on an elevated platform, bounded by a low wall with bastions in the corners.
Batala is well connected with Bhatinda, Amritsar
through the National Highway 15. Amritsar Junction Railway Station is the nearest major railway station, situated almost 38 km from the city. Pathankot
Airport, located 70 km from Batala, is the nearest military airport; whereas Raja Sansi International Airport
is the nearest international airport, only 40 km away.