Asirgarh Fort is an Indian structure located in the Satpura Mountain Range
, which is about 20 km north of the Burhanpur town in the Burhanpur District
of Madhya Pradesh
. The Asirgarh Fort has a pass that pass through the Satpuras, thus connecting the Narmada
and Tapti River
valleys. This is certainly one of the important routes to the Deccan in the South West from North India. It is popularly known as "key to the Deccan". Asa Ahir an Ahir King originally known as Asa Ahir Garh had built the fort. With usage the three letters from the middle were dropped.
History of Asirgarh Fort
Ancient and old Pali Buddhist scriptures have been discovered in many regions of Rajasthan of the Taxak or Tak, Taka, Dhaka race, relating to the tribes of Parmara Dynasty and Mori. From a very early period, Taxak Mori happens to be the lord of Chittor.
The new generation of kshatriyas called Tak, seized the Huna Kingdom of Sialkot (of Mihir Kula 515-540 AD), that was destroyed by Yashodharman. From a very early period the Taxak Mori, the lord of Chittor District, lived for generations until they were assailed by the arms of Islam. The Tak clans have successfully retained the possession of Asirgarh for two centuries, until the Mughals appeared in the scene.
Mughal Emperor Humayun, in the year 1536, had visited Burhanpur and Asirgarh travelling via Vadodara
, Broach (Bharuch) and Surat
, after his conquest of Gujarat
. In the summer of 1577 A.D, Adil Shah, also known as Raja Ali Khan, was asked to surrender to Akbar, when the latter had sent an expedition to Khandesh. To avoid an unequal contest with Akbar, the former dropped his royal title of "Shah" and pledged suzerainty to Akbar. Later, Khandesh was used as a base for the conquest of the Deccan. Adil Shah constructed many new structures: Jama Masjid
in the upper portion of the fort of Asir in 1588, Idgah at Asir, Jama Masjid at Burhanpur in 1590, mausoleums and serai at Burhanpur and a mosque at Zainabad.
The successor of Raja Ali Khan, Bahadur Khan, announced his freedom and refused to pay tribute to Akbar
and his son Prince Daniyal. This act angered Akbar, and in that rage he, in 1599 marched towards Burhanpur and occupied the city on 8 April 1600 without opposition.