(Last Updated on : 18/10/2013)
Matheran is one of the splendid hill stations of Maharashtra
located at the top of the Sahyadri hills in Western Ghats. Surrounded with greenery and pollution free atmosphere it is one of the most attractive sights in Maharashtra. Set in the laps of nature this probably one of the smallest hill stations of India which is known for maintaining its pastoral beauty in a pollution free atmosphere. This Hill station is surrounded with some popular sights that provide great opportunity for the visitors to have a splendid view of the surroundings.
Location of Matheran
Matheran is located at a height of 803 meters which is 2636 ft (approx) which covers an area of 8 sq. kilometres above the Sahyadri hills. Surrounded with a number of sights this is one3 of the most celebrated sights of Maharashtra.
History of Matheran
The lonely sight of Matheran was discovered in 1850 by Hugh Poyntz Malet, the collector of Thane district. While he was busy in campaigning around the hill station he once halted on the hill top to discover one of the most picturesque sights in Maharashtra. His temptation forces to select the area and develop it as a hill station where he and others can come for relaxation. Matheran grew more accessible and popular under the patronage of Lord Elphinstone, the governor of Mumbai. He visited the place in 1855 and got mesmerised with its scenic beauty. He selected a beautiful sight for building a bunglow which was named after him as Elphinstone Logde. Under his patronage connecting roadways were also created. Along with a serpentine railway track this place place has been connected to Mumbai
and other important places. The splendid ride on the toy train passes through the spectacular sights of grassy hills sides, plains, sheer cliffs, plateau and thick forest cover. This excites the visitors towards the picturesque sights of Matheran.
Climate of Matheran
Matheran enjoys one of the most pleasant atmospheres. Temperature in Matheran varies from 16 degree Celsius in winters to 32 degree Celsius in summer with an average rainfall of 524 cm. The best season to visit Matheran is between October to May. As the Sahyadri hills receive the brunt of Monsoon clouds this keeps the hill station covered with greenery. The hill station is at its best during the end of monsoons. The long rainy season of Matheran enriches the region with breathtaking waterfalls, mist covered valleys, and dew dripped greenery alongwith floating clouds which make it one of the picturesque sights in Maharashtra.
Culture of Matheran
People of Matheran wear some suitable cloths which are comfortable according to the atmosphere with long summers and light winters. With some common languages like Marathi, Hindi and English the people continue with some local business on Sweet Chikki, local honey, some beautifully carved footwear with unique cane goods which also support the economy of the region.
Tourism in Matheran
Matheran is a unique hill station that is surrounded with a number of tourist spots. Surrounded with at least 33 spots, this place which provides a splendid opportunity to walk thought the lavish greeneries. These spots are placed in such a manner that it entertains the visitors with great scenic view of the Western Ghats. Metharan is surrounded with a number of panoramic points which are most popular for its view. While the hill station is surrounded with woodlands near Neral, it also shares the scenic beauty of the Ghats, and the city of Mumbai on the North West. Along with this the hill station has some specific points like the Neral, Monkey Point, Porcupine Point, Panorama Point, and Coronation Point which provide great opportunity to enjoy the scenic beauty of the surroundings. Along with this the hilltop is also known for the age old hanuman mandir which has been revered by the local people. To the east it includes places like Rambagh, Khandala and Karjat which are popular sights around Matheran and can be reached from this hill station.
Thus with well connected roadways, railways and airways Matheran is considered as one of the most popular tourist sights in India.